2 Air PressureThink Back… What does an increase in temperature do to particles??An increase in temperature makes particles speed up,bounce off each other, and expand.
3 Air Pressure Air pressure is: The force of air against Earth’s surface It is caused by _____ ____________ in the airPushing against each other and againstthe _____________, due to the force of______________.The force of air against Earth’s surfacegas particlesEarthgravityAir pressure and a hot air balloon
4 When air is heated, its molecules move ______ and __________ ________. The air becomes less dense and air pressure _______. A region with low pressure is called a ___________.fasterfarther apartlowerslowHint to help remember…I feel low/sad whenit’s cloudy +/or precipitating.
5 As air cools, the molecules ______ _______, and move ________ together. The air becomes ___________ and has a __________ pressure. A region with high pressure is called a ___________.slow downcloserdenserhigherhighHint for remembering: I’m Happywhen skies are clear and fair.
6 Think back to convection currents. Why do warm molecules rise and cooler molecules sink?Warm molecules are less dense so they rise up. As they rise up, they cool, become more dense, and therefore sink.
7 So what is wind??? Wind Song The reasoning of less dense molecules rising helps explain how wind is formed. Like other gases, air moves from a region of _______ density to a region of _______ density. Cold, _____ _________ moves in to replace the warmer, rising air. The air moving from high to low pressure areas is called ______.higherlowerhigh pressurewind
10 Land heats and cools faster than water!! Sea and Land BreezesA land breeze occurs during the ______; a water (sea) breeze occurs during the _______.Air flows from land to water in a ________ breeze; air flows from water to land in a ______ breeze.Land and water breezes can be found on the shores of large _________ and _________, as well as along seacoasts/oceans.Sea and Land Breezes DemonightdaylandsealakesriversLand heats and cools faster than water!!
11 Global WindsWinds that blow across long distances in predictable patterns.They carry air masses from one region to another.Each winds always blows in the same direction.Global winds do not flow straight, they curve because Earth is rotating. coriolis effectGlobal Winds in the United States (prevailing westerlies) move weather from the West to the East
22 DoldrumsLocated along the equator where no winds blow because the warm rising air creates an area of low pressure. As air rises and cools near the equator, water vapor condenses causing it to rain almost everyday near the equator.
32 Temperature and Humidity Water evaporates when it changes from a _____to a _____. Humidity is moisture in the air in the form of a gas called ______ ______. Water vapor comes from any source from which water ________ into the air.liquidgaswater vaporevaporates
33 When the air has more water vapor that at other times we say it is more ________. The amount of water vapor that air can hold depends on the air ___________. The warmer the temperature, the _____ water vapor the air can hold. The cooler the temperature, the ______ water vapor the air can hold. ___________ _________ is what meteorologists refer to when reporting the amount of ________ _________ in the air. At _______ humidity the air can not hold any more water vapor, and water returns to its _________ form. The temperature at which water vapor ___________ is called a dew point.humidtemperaturemorelessRelative humiditywater vapor100%liquidcondenses
34 Why do you feel more comfortable on a hot, dry day than on a hot, humid day? On a hot dry day there is less humidity and less water vapor in the air. High levels of water vapor in the air (highly saturated air) doesn’t have more room for water to go into it and it feels sticky to your skin.