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The modern periodic table – organization

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Presentation on theme: "The modern periodic table – organization"— Presentation transcript:

1 The modern periodic table – organization

2 Compare and contrast how the way in which your group and the modern periodic table are organized.

3 Periodic Table The modern periodic table organizes the elements in a particular way. A great deal of information about an element can be gathered from its position in the period table. For example: You can predict with reasonable accuracy the physical and chemical properties of an element. You can also predict what other elements a particular element will react with chemically. Understanding the organization and plan of the periodic table will help you obtain basic information about each of the 118 known elements.


5 Key to the Periodic Table
Elements are organized according to their atomic number, usually found at the top of the square. The atomic number refers to the number of protons each atom of that element has. For instance, hydrogen has 1 proton, so it’s atomic number is 1. The atomic number is unique to that element. No two elements have the same atomic number.

6 What’s in a square? Different periodic tables can have other bits of information about an element, but usually contains: atomic number symbol atomic mass number of valence electrons state of matter at room temperature.

7 Atomic Number This refers to how many protons an atom of that element has. Symbolized by the letter “Z” No two elements, have the same number of protons. H Z A

8 H A Z Atomic Mass Atomic Mass refers to the “weight” of the atom.
Symbolized by the letter “A” It is derived at by adding the number of protons with the number of neutrons. H Z A This is a helium atom. Its atomic mass is 4 (protons plus neutrons). What is its atomic number? H

9 Mass Number and Atomic Number
# of Protons + # of Neutrons Atomic Number # of Protons Remember: # of Protons = # of Electrons

10 Atomic Mass and Isotopes
Why is the atomic mass on the periodic table a non- whole number? Mass number is the total of the number of protons plus the average number of neutrons Stable naturally occurring isotopes Number of isotopes vary between elements Remember an isotope has the same number of protons, but different number of neutrons What happens to the number of electrons between isotopes? Why?

11 C Cu Symbols Carbon Copper All elements have their own unique symbol.
It can consist of a single capital letter, or a capital letter and one or two lower case letters. C Carbon Cu Copper


13 Properties of Metals What are some examples and properties of metals?
Metals are good conductors of heat and electricity Most metals are shiny Metals are ductile They can be stretched into thin wires Metals are malleable They can be pounded into thin sheets A chemical property of metal is its reaction with water which results in corrosion.

14 Properties of Non-Metals
Non-metals are poor conductors of heat and electricity Non-metals are not ductile or malleable Solid non-metals are brittle and break easily Most are dull Many non-metals appear naturally as gases Sulfur

15 Properties of Metalloids
Metalloids (semi-metals) have properties of both metals and non-metals They are solids that can be shiny or dull. They conduct heat and electricity better than non- metals but not as well as metals They came made semi-conductors They are ductile and malleable Silicon


17 Families Columns of the periodic table are called families (also known as groups) Elements in each family have similar properties Example, lithium (Li), sodium (Na), potassium (K), and other members of family IA are all soft, white, shiny metals All elements in a family have the same number of valence electrons


19 Periods Each horizontal row of the periodic table is known as a period
The elements in a period are not alike in properties The properties of the elements change greatly across a given row The first element in a period is always an extremely active solid, while the last element in a period is always an inactive gas.


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