Define Imperialism. When one nation controls/dominates a foreign people/territory through conquest or by controlling its government Why? Resources, strategic location, glory, spread civilization British Empire
What reasons supported/justified America’s expansionism? Capitalistic Reasons New markets sell surplus goods Investment New railroads, towns, roads Progressive Reasons Freedom, democracy, Civilize our “little brown brothers” Religious Reasons Spread Christianity
What was the “Big Stick” policy? TR’s foreign policy “Speak softly and carry a big stick” Don’t brag about power, show it Sent Great White Fleet around world How can the US navy get more powerful?
Why did the US want a canal on the isthmus of Panama? Would shrink distance between NY and San Francisco by 8, 500 miles Reduce traveling time by 60 days Save millions, increase efficiency Oregon –Warship missed war
Describe TR’s methods of getting the right to build the Canal. Hay-Herran Treaty (1903) rejected by Columbia –$10 million, $250 thousand annually TR supported Panamanian revolutionaries US warships blocked Columbian troops Panama independent Agreed to US deal
What was the Roosevelt Corollary? Expanded Monroe Doctrine –MD warned European powers not to acquire any more colonies in western hemisphere Dominican Republic –Owed Germany $ and threatened to send troops TR seized island and had debt paid Made US policeman of western hemisphere
Describe Taft’s foreign policy. Dollar Diplomacy –Diet Imperialism Encouraged investment –Central American mines, banana & coffee plantations, railroads Effect? –Made natives poorer –Money went to pay back debts to Americans –US military ready to invade if loans not repaid
What was the Open Door plan? US effort to keep trade with China opened –Sec of State John Hay –Letter to Japan, European powers Why? –400 million consumers –400 million (possible Christians) –Access to natural resources
Why did the US annex the Philippines? McKinley feared anarchy “uplift, civilize, educate” ‘little brown brothers Gained foothold in Far East Natural Resources Result –Guerrilla war –4, 200 Americans –215 hundred thousand Filipinos (most civilian)
White Man’s Burden by Rudyard Kipling Take up the White Man's burden-- Send forth the best ye breed-- Go bind your sons to exile To serve your captives' need; To wait in heavy harness, On fluttered folk and wild-- Your new-caught, sullen peoples, Half-devil and half-child. Take up the White Man's burden-- Have done with childish days-- The lightly proferred laurel, The easy, ungrudged praise. Comes now, to search your manhood Through all the thankless years Cold, edged with dear-bought wisdom, The judgment of your peers! What is implied by this poem and political cartoon?
What impact did this new foreign policy have on America? Made it a world player “Entangled” into European affairs