Presentation on theme: "All About Pronouns. A pronoun is a part of speech that replaces a noun in a sentence. There are many different kinds of pronouns: – Personal – Possessive."— Presentation transcript:
A pronoun is a part of speech that replaces a noun in a sentence. There are many different kinds of pronouns: – Personal – Possessive – Indefinite – Subject/Object – Reflexive – Intensive – Demonstrative – Interrogative
Sara stubbed her toe on the dresser. The team won its game against Valley. My best friend adopted his dog from a shelter. Sara is the antecedent and her is the pronoun. Team is the antecedent and its is the pronoun. Friend is the antecedent and his is the pronoun.
A personal pronoun is a pronoun that is used to refer to a specific person or thing. Examples: – he – she – it – them
I he, she, it his, her, hers, its him, her, it himself, herself, itself you we they their, theirs them Themselves you A personal pronoun must grammatically match and have the same singular/plural form as its antecedent. In this sentence, the word pronoun is the antecedent. It is singular. In this sentence, the word its is the pronoun. The pronoun must be singular to match the antecedent.
Examples I asked Luis to bring the document, and he said he would. – Luis is the antecedent – He is the pronoun In this sentence, the antecedent and the pronoun both take on the singular form.
Examples The students studied for the test because they wanted to do well. – students is the antecedent – they is the pronoun In this sentence, the antecedent and the pronoun both take on the plural form.
A possessive pronoun is a pronoun that demonstrates ownership. Examples: – mine (1 st person) – yours (2 nd person) – his/hers (3 rd person singular) – ours – theirs (3 rd person plural) – whose
To make a personal pronoun possessive, change it to this. changeto Imy youyour or yours hehis herhers itits
Examples My dog is the best behaved dog on the block. – Whose dog is it? – It is my dog.
Examples The cat chased its tail in circles for hours. – Whose tail is it? – It is the cat’s tail. – Its is possessive refers to the cat. NOTE: possessive pronouns do not have any apostrophes: whose, its, yours.
An indefinite pronoun is a pronoun that refers to things or people in general. Examples: – few – everyone – all – anything – nobody – some
Everyone had a great time at the game. Sarah told someone the secret. Who had a great time? Everyone had a great time. Sarah told the secret to who? Sarah told the secret to someone.
A relative pronoun is a pronoun that is used to connect a phrase or clause to a noun or pronoun. Examples: – who – whom – which – that
The person whom I texted last night was my friend. The car that I drive is blue. Mr. Jones, who is very strict, is my math teacher.
A reflexive pronoun is used with another noun or pronoun when something does something to itself. Reflexive pronouns end in “self” or “selves.”
Intensive pronouns are used to emphasize a noun or a pronoun. Examples: – myself – himself/herself – themselves – itself – yourself/yourselves – ourselves
These kind of pronouns refer back to the subject of a sentence. Examples: They bought themselves plenty of pizza. I read to myself. These pronouns are the same words used to emphasize the subject of a sentence. Examples: They themselves bought plenty of pizza. I myself read the book.
Demonstrative pronouns focus the attention on the nouns that they are replacing. There are only 5 demonstrative pronouns: – this – these – those – that – such
Those shoes are amazing. I want to eat at that restaurant. Which shoes are amazing? Those shoes are amazing. You want to eat at which restaurant? I want to eat at that restaurant.
Interrogative pronouns are used when you are asking a question. HINT: Think interrogation Examples: – who/whom – which – what – whatever
Who is picking you up from school today? To whom did you speak to last night? What do you want to eat for lunch?