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Writing the Multi-paragraph Essay Terminology. Essay A piece of writing that gives your thoughts (commentary) about a subject. All essays you will write.

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Presentation on theme: "Writing the Multi-paragraph Essay Terminology. Essay A piece of writing that gives your thoughts (commentary) about a subject. All essays you will write."— Presentation transcript:

1 Writing the Multi-paragraph Essay Terminology

2 Essay A piece of writing that gives your thoughts (commentary) about a subject. All essays you will write in this unit will have at least 4 paragraphs: an introduction, 2 body paragraphs, and a concluding paragraph A piece of writing that gives your thoughts (commentary) about a subject. All essays you will write in this unit will have at least 4 paragraphs: an introduction, 2 body paragraphs, and a concluding paragraph

3 Introduction The first paragraph in the essay. It includes the thesis, most often at the end. The first paragraph in the essay. It includes the thesis, most often at the end.

4 Body Paragraph A middle paragraph in an essay. It develops a point you want to make that supports your thesis. A middle paragraph in an essay. It develops a point you want to make that supports your thesis.

5 Conclusion The last paragraph in your essay. It may sum up your ideas, reflect on what you said in your essay, say more commentary about your subject, or give a personal statement about the subject. The last paragraph in your essay. It may sum up your ideas, reflect on what you said in your essay, say more commentary about your subject, or give a personal statement about the subject. It is ALL commentary with NO concrete detail. It is ALL commentary with NO concrete detail.

6 Thesis A sentence with a subject and opinion. A sentence with a subject and opinion.

7 Pre-Writing The process of getting your concrete details down on paper before you organize your essay into paragraphs. You can use any of the following to help: bubble clusters, spider diagrams, outlines, line clustering, columns… The process of getting your concrete details down on paper before you organize your essay into paragraphs. You can use any of the following to help: bubble clusters, spider diagrams, outlines, line clustering, columns…

8 Concrete Details (CD) Specific details that form the backbone or core of your body paragraphs (facts, specifics, examples, descriptions, illustrations, support, proof, evidence, quotes, paraphrasing, plot references) Specific details that form the backbone or core of your body paragraphs (facts, specifics, examples, descriptions, illustrations, support, proof, evidence, quotes, paraphrasing, plot references)

9 Commentary (CM) Your opinion or comment about something; not concrete detail (opinion, insight, analysis, interpretation, inference, personal response, evaluation, reflection) Your opinion or comment about something; not concrete detail (opinion, insight, analysis, interpretation, inference, personal response, evaluation, reflection)

10 Topic Sentence The first sentence in a body paragraph. This must have a subject and an opinion for the paragraph. The first sentence in a body paragraph. This must have a subject and an opinion for the paragraph.

11 Concluding Sentence The last sentence in a body paragraph. It is all commentary, does not repeat key words, and gives a finished feeling to the paragraph. The last sentence in a body paragraph. It is all commentary, does not repeat key words, and gives a finished feeling to the paragraph.

12 Shaping the essay The step that is done after prewriting and before the first draft of an essay; it is an outline of your thesis, topic sentences, CD, CM The step that is done after prewriting and before the first draft of an essay; it is an outline of your thesis, topic sentences, CD, CM

13 First draft The first version of your essay The first version of your essay

14 Final Draft The final version of your essay The final version of your essay

15 Peer response Written responses and reactions to a partner’s paper Written responses and reactions to a partner’s paper

16 Chunk One sentence of concrete detail and 2 sentences of commentary One sentence of concrete detail and 2 sentences of commentary

17 Weaving Blending concrete details and commentary in a body paragraph Blending concrete details and commentary in a body paragraph

18 ratio The ratio of 1 part concrete detail and 2+ parts commentary The ratio of 1 part concrete detail and 2+ parts commentary

19 Word counts The minimum length per paragraph to earn a “C” The minimum length per paragraph to earn a “C”


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