Presentation on theme: "How “cold” was the COLD WAR??"— Presentation transcript:
1 How “cold” was the COLD WAR?? Was there really an “iron curtain?”
2 The rise of the superpowers Before WW2 there were a number of countries which could have claimed to be superpowers – USA, USSR,GB, France, Japan, Germany.The damage caused by the war to these countries left only two countries with the military strength and resources to be called superpowers….USA and USSR.
8 The Cold War Begins WWII, the US and USSR on the same side US mistrusts USSRCommunist governmentRejection of religionGovernment ownership of all businessUSSR mistrusts the USU.S. would at some time attack the USSRU.S. would rebuild Germany to challenge the USSR in the future
10 Broken Promises U.S.S.R. first to enter Berlin when WWII ended USSR occupied much of eastern EuropeStalin promised elections in E. European countries…never happenedUSSR controlled all countries in E. Europe except YugoslaviaNations controlled by USSR=satellite nations
11 YALTA (in the USSR)Date: Feb 1945Present: Churchill,Roosevelt and Stalin
12 POTSDAM (Germany)Date: July 1945Present: Churchill,Truman and Stalin
13 Weren’t we “friendly” with Stalin?? Yalta/Potsdam Conferences (1945):Future of EuropeHow to split Germany 4 waysFree Elections for Eastern and Western European CountriesThe victorious leaders of the Allies
15 If it wasn’t a real war…. Then what was it???? No direct military contactArmies, nuclear weapons, submarines were built up in order to assure protectionDrillsThreats from both sidesThen what was it????The Cold War was a period of East-West competition, tension, and conflict not quite a full-scale war, characterized by mutual perceptions of hostile intention of BOTH the U.S. and Soviet Union
17 The nuclear bomb gave America a lead which was expected to last at least 5 years. The rapid Russian development of nuclear technology, helped by the work of the “atom spies” was a shock. Russia declared war against Japan at the beginning of August 1945 and rushed to advance into Asia to stake out a position for the post-war settlement. This helped make both the Korean and Vietnamese conflicts more likely.
20 United Nations formed in 1945 Purpose: To avoid war and maintain peace 191 members
21 What are the aims of the United Nations? To keep peace throughout the world.To develop friendly relations between nations.To work together to help people live better lives, to eliminate poverty, disease and illiteracy in the world, to stop environmental destruction and to encourage respect for each other's rights and freedoms.Security Council - Permanent Members - USA, Great Britain, France, China, Russia
22 Truman Doctrine: Economic Aid to stop spread of Communism
23 Marshall Plan: (1947)Help Western Europe rebuild their economies…what happens when a country is in such chaos???