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Reconstruction 12 years of Rebuilding 1865 - 1877.

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Presentation on theme: "Reconstruction 12 years of Rebuilding 1865 - 1877."— Presentation transcript:


2 Reconstruction 12 years of Rebuilding 1865 - 1877

3 The Freedman’s Bureau Helping establish rights for freed slaves


5 California View Reconstruction

6 Is Slavery Dead?

7 Reconstruction

8 Rebuilding the South


10 3 Plans President Lincoln’s = Mild & forgiving

11 Points Amnesty to all willing to take an oath of loyalty to U.S.

12 And Southerners must support the Constitution

13 Southern States would be Recognized when 1/10 of voters took oath of allegiance.

14 II. Radical Republicans’ Plan Required a majority of voters to take loyalty oath.

15 Thaddeus Stevens Radical Republicans did not want to reconcile with the South.

16 3 Goals

17 1. Former Confederate Officials Are banned from voting for state legislatures

18 2. Republican Power in the South

19 3. African Americans Gain Political Power through Government Help by guaranteeing their right to vote.

20 Each State must outlaw Slavery

21 Punishment Mild or Severe?

22 Weak and Strong Govt

23 III. President Johnson’s Plan Grant Pardons to all Southerners willing to take loyalty oath

24 Except for People with property worth $20,000 or more.

25 Confederate States had to : Revoke their resolutions to secede from the Union & outlaw slavery.

26 Wade – Davis Bill Compromise of Moderates & Radical Republicans

27 Conditions Majority of men take oath of allegiance Make new state constitution Deprive all former Confederate members of voting rights & govt. office

28 Pocket Veto Not voting on a bill during a legislative session

29 “No Persecution, No Bloody work.” A. Lincoln

30 Conditions in the South Unemployed, homeless, starving

31 40 acres & a mule Idea to confiscate Southern farms and redistribute land to former slaves. Didn’t fly.

32 Freedmen’s Bureau Fed, clothed, educated, reunited families, negotiated contracts for workers, etc.

33 13 th Amendment 1865 Banned Slavery and involuntary servitude

34 Coretta Scott King dies On the anniversary of the passage of the 13 th Amendment: January 31

35 14 th Amendment = 1868 Protected the rights of Citizens

36 14 th Amendment Citizenship to all people born or naturalized in the U.S.

37 15 th Amendment = 1870 Declared the right to vote cannot be denied because of race, color, or previous condition of servitude

38 Military Reconstruction Act Divided the South into 5 Districts

39 By 1868 Tennessee, Florida, N.C. S.C. Alabama, Louisiana, Arkansas are readmitted to the Union

40 Andrew Johnson Democrat from Tn. Poor, uneducated Not Elected

41 Black Codes Limited African Americans’ rights in the South. Conditions similar to slavery.

42 Black Codes Rights: Can be legally Married Can own property Can sue in court Can go to school

43 Restrictions of Black Codes Cannot marry whites Cannot serve on juries Cannot carry weapons Cannot testify against whites

44 By 1869 = About 600,000 African Americans of all ages are in school.

45 Radical Republicans realize That many former Confederate officers had been elected to Congress……

46 Civil Rights Act of 1866 Citizenship to all persons born in the U.S. except Native Americans.

47 African Americans can Own property Be treated equally in Court

48 Tenure of Office Act Senate must approve the removal of any govt. official whose appointment had required the Senate’s consent.

49 Sec. of War : Stanton Would enforce the Radical Republicans plans. Johnson fired him

50 Impeachment for Johnson High Crimes and Misdemeanors Not Upholding the Tenure of Office Act

51 Senate voted to impeach One vote short of conviction

52 Johnson keeps his office But……….. Little Power left

53 Radical Republicans Pass the 15 th Amendment – African Americans the right to vote Men Only

54 U.S. Grant Unconditional Surrender Grant

55 Ulysses S. Grant Union Civil War General Ulysses S. Grant Ulysses S. Grant wrote his Personal Memoirs as he was dying of throat cancer in order to secure his family's financial future

56 Finally, on April 9, 1865 at Appomattox Court House, Lee surrendered. Grant wrote out magnanimous terms of surrender that would prevent treason trials.

57 President Grant Grant allowed Radical Reconstruction to run its course in the South, bolstering it at times with military force.

58 Corruption in Grant’s Term Dishonest Aides Graft =

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