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Introduction to Research in Physical Activity

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Research in Physical Activity"— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to Research in Physical Activity
chapter 1 Introduction to Research in Physical Activity

2 Chapter Outline The nature of research
Unscientific versus scientific methods of problem solving Alternative models of research Types of research Overview of the research process

3 Five Characteristics of Research
Systematic: plan, identify, design, collect data, evaluate. Logical: examine procedures to evaluate conclusions. Empirical: decisions are based on data. Reductive: general relationships are established from data. Replicable: actions are recorded.

4 Continuum of Basic to Applied Research
Level I—Basic research Goal: Theory-driven Approach: Laboratory Level II—Moderate relevance Goal: Theory-based using relevant movements Approach: Similar to real-world task or setting Level III—Applied research Goal: Immediate solutions Approach: Real-world settings

5 Quality Research Involves
Identifying and delimiting the problem Searching, reviewing, and writing about the literature Specifying and defining testable hypotheses Designing research to test the hypotheses Selecting, describing, testing, and treating the participants Analyzing and reporting the results Discussing the meaning and implications of the findings

6 Reading Research Become familiar with relevant publications.
Read studies of interest. Read as a practitioner would. Read the abstract first. Don’t worry too much about the statistics. Be critical but objective.

7 Unscientific Methods of Problem Solving
Tenacity Intuition Authority The rationalistic method The empirical method

8 Scientific Method of Problem Solving
Step 1: developing the problem (defining and delimiting it) Step 2: formulating the hypotheses Step 3: gathering the data Step 4: analyzing and interpreting results

9 Alternative Models of Research
Normal science Previously useful theories Scientific method Challenges to normal science Inconsistent findings Alternative interpretations Paradigm shifts New theories New methods How knowledge is advanced

10 Types of Research Analytical Descriptive research Historical
Philosophic Reviews Research synthesis (meta-analysis) Descriptive research Questionnaire Interview Normative survey

11 Types of Research Other types of descriptive research
Case study Job analysis Observational research Developmental studies Correlational studies Epidemiologic research Experimental research–establishes cause and effect Qualitative research–uses a different paradigm

12 Model for Research

13 Parts of a Thesis Proposal : Research plan Completing the thesis
Introduction Problem and hypotheses Literature review Method Participants Instruments and measurements Procedures Design and analysis Completing the thesis Results Discussion and conclusions

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