Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Research in Physical Activity"— Presentation transcript:
1 Introduction to Research in Physical Activity chapter 1Introduction to Research in Physical Activity
2 Chapter Outline The nature of research Unscientific versus scientific methods of problem solvingAlternative models of researchTypes of researchOverview of the research process
3 Five Characteristics of Research Systematic: plan, identify, design, collect data, evaluate.Logical: examine procedures to evaluate conclusions.Empirical: decisions are based on data.Reductive: general relationships are established from data.Replicable: actions are recorded.
4 Continuum of Basic to Applied Research Level I—Basic researchGoal: Theory-drivenApproach: LaboratoryLevel II—Moderate relevanceGoal: Theory-based using relevant movementsApproach: Similar to real-world task or settingLevel III—Applied researchGoal: Immediate solutionsApproach: Real-world settings
5 Quality Research Involves Identifying and delimiting the problemSearching, reviewing, and writing about the literatureSpecifying and defining testable hypothesesDesigning research to test the hypothesesSelecting, describing, testing, and treating the participantsAnalyzing and reporting the resultsDiscussing the meaning and implications of the findings
6 Reading Research Become familiar with relevant publications. Read studies of interest.Read as a practitioner would.Read the abstract first.Don’t worry too much about the statistics.Be critical but objective.
7 Unscientific Methods of Problem Solving TenacityIntuitionAuthorityThe rationalistic methodThe empirical method
8 Scientific Method of Problem Solving Step 1: developing the problem (defining and delimiting it)Step 2: formulating the hypothesesStep 3: gathering the dataStep 4: analyzing and interpreting results
9 Alternative Models of Research Normal sciencePreviously useful theoriesScientific methodChallenges to normal scienceInconsistent findingsAlternative interpretationsParadigm shiftsNew theoriesNew methodsHow knowledge is advanced
10 Types of Research Analytical Descriptive research Historical PhilosophicReviewsResearch synthesis (meta-analysis)Descriptive researchQuestionnaireInterviewNormative survey
11 Types of Research Other types of descriptive research Case studyJob analysisObservational researchDevelopmental studiesCorrelational studiesEpidemiologic researchExperimental research–establishes cause and effectQualitative research–uses a different paradigm
13 Parts of a Thesis Proposal : Research plan Completing the thesis IntroductionProblem and hypothesesLiterature reviewMethodParticipantsInstruments and measurementsProceduresDesign and analysisCompleting the thesisResultsDiscussion and conclusions