Presentation on theme: "EU Enlargement. The EU Quick History 1950s – The European coal community begins to unite European countries politically and economically, the founders."— Presentation transcript:
Quick History 1950s – The European coal community begins to unite European countries politically and economically, the founders being Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. 1960s - EU countries stop charging custom duties when they trade with each other. They also agree joint control over food production 1970s - Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom join the European Union 1980s - Greece becomes the 10th member of the EU and Spain and Portugal follow five years later. In 1986 the Single European Act is signed allowing free-flow of trade across EU borders and creates the ‘Single Market’ 1990s - EU gains three more new members, Austria, Finland and Sweden. 2000s – The Euro becomes currency, the European countries work closer together to fight crime 12 more country's join and the 2008 economic crisis hits
History of Treaties 25 March 1957 – Treaty of Rome creates the EEC (common market) and extends European integration to include general economic cooperation. 8 April 1965 – Brussels Treaty creation of a single Commission and a single Council to serve the then three European Communities (EEC, Euratom, ECSC). Repealed by the Treaty of Amsterdam. 17 February 1986 - Single European Act extension of qualified majority voting in the Council (making it harder for a single country to veto proposed legislation), creation of the cooperation and assent procedures, giving Parliament more influence. 7 February 1992 - Maastricht Treaty establishment of the European Union and introduction of the co-decision procedure, giving Parliament more say in decision- making. New forms of cooperation between EU governments – for example on defense and justice and home affairs. 2 October 1997 - Treaty of Amsterdam amendment, renumbering and consolidation of EU and EEC treaties. More transparent decision-making 26 February 2001 - Treaty of Nice methods for changing the composition of the Commission and redefining the voting system in the Council. 13 December 2007 - Treaty of Lisbon more power for the European Parliament, change of voting procedures in the Council, citizens' initiative, a permanent president of the European Council, a new High Representative for Foreign Affairs, a new EU diplomatic service. The Lisbon treaty clarifies which powers: belong to the EU belong to EU member countries are shared.
History of Enlargement 1957 - Founders – Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, Nederlands, Germany 1973 - Denmark, Ireland, UK 1981 – Greece 1986 – Portugal, Spain 1995 – Austria, Finland, Sweden 2004 – Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia 2007 – Bulgaria, Romania 2013 – Croatia
Appendix Map of Europe Map of Europe Quick History – Timeline of events Timeline of events ECSC ECSC History of treaties – Treaty of Rome Treaty of Rome Treaties Treaties History of enlargement History of enlargement Macro-Effects on UK of enlargement Macro-Effects on UK of enlargement