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Published byPolly Lyons Modified over 7 years ago
Georgia’s General Assembly Meets each year for a 40 day session that starts the 2 nd Monday in January. Can pass legislation on taxes, education, contracts, personal property Makes laws on fines, imprisonment, or death in criminal matters Considers public regulations – laws affecting issues like morals, public health, business regulations, general welfare
State Senate (56 Members) They serve 2 year terms They are elected by voters in the house or senate district A Senator must be 25 years of age, a citizen of the U.S. and of Georgia for 2 years
State House of Representatives 180 members Serve 2 year terms Rep. must be 21, a citizen of the U.S. and Georgia for 2 years, and a legal resident of district for 1 year.
House of Representatives The Speaker of the House is the leader of the House. * Appoints chairpersons & members to committees. * Assigns bills to committees There are 36 regular committees in the House of Representatives (most members serve on 2 to 3) Minority leader is leader of minority party in the house Floor leader usually represents the party of the governor
Senate Lieutenant governor is the president of the Senate (leader of Senate) * Appoints chairpersons and members to committees. * Assigns bills to committees The other leader in the Senate is the president pro tempore (leader of the Senate majority party) There is also a majority and minority leader for each party There are 26 committees in the Senate (each Senator is on at least three committees)
Committees All bills go through a committee before they are voted on by the whole house or senate Committee are used so that pieces of legislation can be studied closely Most of the work done on a bill happens in committee The House and Senate have to pass the exact same version of a bill before it goes to the governor.
How A Bill Becomes a Law 1.Anyone can come up with the idea for a bill. 2.They submit it to their Congressperson, and he or she creates the bill. 3.It is presented in either the House or Senate and then assigned to committee. 4.Committee examine and work with the bill and decide whether to act on it. 5.When it comes out of committee it is voted on by the body of representatives 6.If passed in both bodies of Congress goes to the president
State Executive Branch Made up of the Governor, Lt. Governor, and advisors at the State Level The Governor and Lt. Governor must be at least 30, citizen of the U.S. for 15 years, and a resident of the state for at least 6 years. Governor can only serve 2 consecutive terms, but can run again four years later. Governor is in charge of creating state budget
Powers of the Governor Formal powers are those written in the State Constitution. * Executive Powers a) appoint state officials b) enforce civil and criminal laws * Legislative Powers a) signing or vetoing bills b) calling special sessions of legislation * Judicial Powers a) pardon criminals b) appoint state justices Informal Powers – powers that are a result of custom and tradition and are used to enforce formal powers
Other Elected Officials Unlike the Vice President, the Lt. Governor is elected separately from the Governor If something happens to the Governor the Lt. Governor takes over. State Attorney General: Chief legal officer Secretary of State: Maintains the states official records and is runs elections State School Superintendent: head of Education. Commissioner of Labor: regulates the health and safety of workers.
The Judicial Branch? Interprets the laws…can declare laws unconstitutional! The U.S. Supreme court
Judicial Branch Courts protect citizens from government abuse They make sure that citizens have due process of law. Courts help determine whether people are guilty of crimes. Settling disputes peacefully * Mediation – a neutral third person (arbitrator) helps two opposing sides come to an agreement. * Negotiation – discussing an issue with hopes to resolve it.
Judicial Vocabulary jurisdiction – the range of actions over which the court has control or influence felony – a serious crime punishable by a year or more in prison, a fine of at least $1,000, or both misdemeanor – a less serious crime punishable by less than a year in prison, a fine less than $1,000 or both Appellate jurisdiction – reviewing the decisions of lower courts Original jurisdiction- the court that hears the case first.
Judicial Vocabulary Grand Jury – determines whether or not persons accused of crimes should be officially charged. Trial Jury – a group of citizens who are charged with judging a person with a crime Criminal Law – cases dealing with people violating the law Civil Law – cases dealing with conflict between private parties Trial Courts - hear original cases such as criminal and civil cases
State Courts Supreme Court – reviews cases that are appealed from lower ranking courts. (appellate court) * interprets the state constitution * justices are elected to 6 year terms * decisions made have final authority at state level Court of Appeals * made up of 12 judges elected to 6 year terms * only hears cases appealed from lower courts Superior Court – original and appellate jurisdiction * felonies, divorces, and appeals from lower courts
State Courts State Court –misdemeanors, traffic violations, civil cases Juvenile Courts – cases dealing with juveniles Probate Court – cases dealing with wills, estates, appointing guardians Magistrate Courts – * Criminal – pretrial proceedings, warrants, bail * Civil Cases under $5,000
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