Presentation on theme: "25.3 The War in the Pacific Objectives: 1. To identify key turning points in the war in the Pacific 2. Explain the developments and debates concerning."— Presentation transcript:
25.3 The War in the Pacific Objectives: 1. To identify key turning points in the war in the Pacific 2. Explain the developments and debates concerning the use of the atom bomb. 3. Describe the challenges faced by the Allies in building a just and lasting postwar peace.
Allies Stem the Japanese Tide Japan is expanding at a rapid pace Gen. Douglas MacArthur is pushed out of the Philippines “I shall return” April 1942, Doolittle air raids Tokyo and other cities “Tokyo bombed Doolittle do’ed it” Japanese realize they aren’t invincible Allies finally stop the Japanese advance at Battle of Coral Sea First naval battle fought almost exclusively by carrier based planes
Battle of Midway June 1942, Admiral Chester Nimitz found out that 110 Japanese ships were moving toward Midway, then Hawaii Americans surprised the Japanese and scored a HUGE victory 322 planes, four AIRCRAFT CARRIERS, and a cruiser destroyed Americans “avenged Pearl Harbor”
Island Hopping What is it? Why did America do it?
Americans gain in pacific Americans score a victory at Guadalcanal Then they regain the Philippines after Battle of Leyte Gulf “People of the Philippines: I have returned” Japanese test out their Kamikaze method
The Manhattan Project Best kept secret of the war Creation of an atomic bomb Truman didn’t even know about it! J. Robert Oppenheimer lead the research in New Mexico Tested in N. Mexico, could see flash from 180 miles away!
Hiroshima and nagasaki Should they use the bomb? Drop it on an empty island? Reasons to use it: 1. Nothing less than dropping it on a city would convince them 2. The test might be a dud 3. Might shoot down the delivery plane or move American POWs to the island USA warned Japanese of “prompt and utter destruction”. August 6 – dropped on Hiroshima- “Little Boy” August 9 – dropped on Nagasaki “Fat Man” Approximately 200,000 people killed from the blasts “I cannot bear to see my innocent people suffer any longer” - Emperor Hirohito Sept. 2 – Japanese surrender aboard the Missouri
nagasaki “ They say temperatures of 7,000 degrees centigrade hit me…Nobody there looked like human beings…Humans had lost the ability to speak. People couldn’t scream, “It hurts!” even when they were on fire. People with their legs wrenched off. Without heads. Or with faces burned and swollen out of shape. The scene I saw was a living hell.” - Yamaoko Michiko
Yalta Conference Feb. 1945 Big 3 meet in Yalta, USSR USSR joins fight against Japan, promises free elections Discuss ideas for a new international peacekeeping body
New World Order (?) Nuremburg Trials: 1945 Trial of Nazi and German Military Leaders Foundations of International Human Rights Division of Germany among “Big Four” US, UK, USSR, and France East and West Germany Military Administration of Germany and Japan Gen. MacArthur runs Japan, writes democratic constitution
TERMS Douglas MacArthur Chester Nimitz Kamikaze Manhattan Project J. Robert Oppenheimer Hiroshima Nagasaki Yalta Conference United Nations (U.N.) Nuremberg Trials Objectives: 1. To identify key turning points in the war in the Pacific 2. Explain the developments and debates concerning the use of the atom bomb. 3. Describe the challenges faced by the Allies in building a just and lasting postwar peace.
Potential Essay Topics 1. Compare and Contrast the strategies of the war in the Pacific and the war in Europe. Discuss the priorities of the allies, the generals and commanders, and the major battles. 2. Identify the arguments for and against dropping the atomic bomb. Identify who had ultimate responsibility for the decision. Discuss the merits of each side of the argument and take a stand. Support your position with details and facts from the text. 3. Discuss the arguments for and against interning Japanese Americans during WWII. Was it justified? 4. Compare and contrast communism and fascism. Then identify two dictators who came to power in the 1930’s. Compare and contrast their rise to power and their ultimate fate.