Presentation on theme: "THE AGE OF JACKSONIAN DEMOCRACY 1824-1840. Andrew Jackson – 7 th President Jackson was President from 1829-1837 He had lost in 1824 because of the."— Presentation transcript:
Andrew Jackson – 7 th President Jackson was President from 1829-1837 He had lost in 1824 because of the “Corrupt Bargain” between John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay
Jacksonian Democracy Expands suffrage (right to vote)— all white men over 21 can vote The common man gains more influence
How did Jackson help the common man? By 1830s, most states allowed the popular vote to determine who wins their electoral vote Creates the Spoils System Loyal supporters get rewarded with government jobs Bank War Jackson vetoes the Bank of the US Says National Bank is unconstitutional Says it helps the rich at the expense of the common man
Nullification Crisis 1832 South Carolina wanted to nullify (ignore) a new protective tariff Thought North would benefit from tariff; South would pay higher prices for goods S.C. also threatens to secede (leave the Union) if tariff is not repealed Jackson threatens S.C. with force ends the crisis peacefully Impact 1. Jackson avoids war 2. South to use secession as a threat to protect their states’ rights
Indian Removal Jackson wants Indians to move out of the South to allow westward expansion Open up Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi to settlement (cotton plantations) This would allow for the expansion of slavery Creates the Indian Territory (later Oklahoma)
Indian Removal Indian Removal Act (1830) allows the federal government to make treaties with Indians They could “exchange” their homelands for lands in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) 1831—Worcester v. Georgia—the Supreme Court said that the states can’t force the Indians to move Jackson ignores the decision, begins removal of 60,000 Indians 1837 Cherokees forced to march to Indian Territory in winter. Becomes known as the Trail of Tears (4,000 out of 16,000 die along the trail)
Closure 1. Give several examples of how Jackson helped out the average American during his time. Which action taken by Jackson do you think would be most criticized by historians today? 3. Why do you think some people would say it’s ironic that Jackson is on the $20 bill?