Presentation on theme: "Immigration. What is an immigrant? Where do they come from? Before 1880- Northern and Western Europe *Ireland *Germany Moved to farms with families Late."— Presentation transcript:
Why did so many immigrants come to the United States? PUSH FactorsPULL Factors
Assignment FIC tomorrow and VOCAB due! Put on the back of your guided notes! Read through Ch 5 Section 1 Answer the following questions Pg. 133 #4, 5, & 6 Pg. 135 #1 & 2 I will check first thing Thursday!
Angel Island San Francisco Opened in 1910 Not as welcoming as Ellis Island!
Opportunities and Challenges -Close to industrial jobs What jobs do they perform? -Lived in ________________ neighborhoods i.e. Little Italy Chinatown
Challenges Cont… Americanization- program to help newcomers learn English and adopt American dress and diet “melting pot” The idea that all white nationalities would blend into a single culture
Facing hostility: Nativism- The belief that native born white Americans were superior to newcomers Chinese Exclusion Act 1882- passed by Congress restricted Chinese immigrants and their rights
What were some of the effects of immigration on American culture? New traditions in American culture New vocabulary Effects on the American economy? Fueled industrial growth Built railroads IMMIGRANT LABOR HELPED THE U.S. BECOME A WORLD POWER!
Cities Expand and Change Advantages of the city: Attracted many people: *immigrants *rural people *educated *women
Technology helps city life: Skyscraper Now able to build cities UP UP UP! Skyscraper= 10 stories or more Electricity & Mass transit Electric trolleys and subways 1 st subway= Boston 1897
Disadvantages of the city: Tenements Few windows, little sanitation Low-cost and multi-family Water & sanitation risks Not many indoor toilets Fire and crime Fire destroys Chicago in 1871!