Constitutional Issues A major conflict was ______ rights versus a strong _______ government. Southerners believed that _______ had the power to declare any national law illegal Northerners believed that the _______government’s power was supreme over the power of the _______.
Economic Issues Tariff: The _______ was a manufacturing region, and its people favored tariffs that protected ______ owners and workers from foreign competition. The _______ was an agricultural society. Southerners opposed tariffs that would cause the prices of manufactured goods to increase. Planters in the South were also concerned that Great Britain might stop buying _______ from the South if tariffs were added.
Why did the North and South disagree on tariffs?
What is the last major issue that divided the nation?
Slavery: Dividing a Nation While there were several differences between North and South, _________ increasingly divided the nation and led to the _____ _____.
Slavery “There was never a moment in our history when slavery wasn’t a sleeping serpent. It lay coiled up under the table during the deliberations of the Constitutional Convention. Owing to the Cotton Gin, it was more than half awake. Thereafter, slavery was on everyone’s mind, though not always on his tongue.” ---John J Chapman
The Slavery Debate: Arguments FOR slavery Arguments AGAINST slavery
William Lloyd Garrison John C. Calhoun James Kirke Paulding Abraham Lincoln Frederick Douglass Angelina Grimke
With your group: With your group, read the handout OUT LOUD and fill in the chart on your worksheet by writing: – Two Details of Person’s View on Slavery – Actions taken to support that Viewpoint
Example: PersonTwo Details of Person’s View on Slavery Actions Person took to Support Viewpoint George Fitzhugh 1. African Americans were an “inferior” class of black laborers 2. A society run by slave-masters was better off than one run by cruel business leaders of a free society He wrote pamphlets like “Slavery Justified” (1850), and “The Failure of a Free Society” (1854). He also wrote Sociology for the South (1854) in which he urged Southerner to further defend their defense of slavery.
The Slavery Debate: o 2 people from each group, come to the front! o Tell us about your person. Do they support slavery? What actions did they take to support their viewpoint?
For or against slavery? Put the people in order from most pro (for) slavery to most anti (against) slavery! Pro-Slavery------------------Anti-Slavery
William Lloyd Garrison John C. Calhoun James Kirke Paulding Abraham Lincoln Frederick Douglass Angelina Grimke Pro-Slavery------------------Anti-Slavery
North/South Pictures Draw a picture to represent the differences between North and South. What was life like in the North? What was life like in the South?