Presentation on theme: "Nouns, Pronouns, and Adjectives. Nouns Parts of Speech Noun—A word used to describe a PERSON, PLACE, THING, or IDEA. p. 345 Compound noun—made up."— Presentation transcript:
Nouns Parts of Speech Noun—A word used to describe a PERSON, PLACE, THING, or IDEA. p. 345 Compound noun—made up of TWO or MORE words used TOGETHER as a single noun. (ex.--basketball, fire drill,fund-raiser). p. 347 Concrete noun—a noun that can be perceived by the senses SIGHT, HEARING, TASTE, TOUCH, SMELL). p. 349 (ex. – popcorn, telephone, ocean) Abstract noun—a noun that names an IDEA, FEELING, QUALITY, or CHARACTERISTIC. p. 349 (ex.– knowledge, patriotism, love) Collective noun—a word that names a GROUP. p. 349 (ex.—committee, flock, cluster).
Pronouns Pronoun—A word used in PLACE of a NOUN OR PRONOUN p. 351. 1. The word that the pronoun STANDS for is the ANTECEDENT. p. 351. (ex.—Karen’s book by Nicholas Sparks is her very favorite!) Antecedent pronoun 2. Personal pronoun—the one speaking, the one spoken to, or the one spoken about. p. 352 a. 1 st person—I, ME, MY, MINE, WE, US, OUR, OURS b. 2 nd person—YOU, YOUR, YOURS c. 3 rd person—HE, HIM, HIS, SHE, HER, HERS, IT, ITS, THEY, THEM, THEIR, THEIRS
PRONOUNS 3. Reflexive pronoun—refers to the SUBJECT and functions as the COMPLEMENT or object of PREPOSITION. p. 353 Intensive pronoun—emphasizes a NOUN or other PRONOUN. p. 353 ***Reflective and Intensive Pronouns p. 353 1 st – MYSELF, OURSELVES 2 nd – YOURSELF, YOURSELVES 3 rd – HIMSELF, HERSELF, ITSELF, THEMSELVES
PRONOUNS Demonstrative pronoun—points out a PERSON, a PLACE, a THING, or an IDEA. p. 354. (THIS, THAT, THESE, THOSE) Interrogative pronoun—Introduces a QUESTION. p. 354. ( WHAT, WHICH, WHO, WHOM, WHOSE ) Relative Pronoun—introduces a SUBORDINATE CLAUSE. p. 355 ( THAT, WHICH, WHO, WHOM, WHOSE) Indefinite pronoun--refers to a PERSON, PLACE, THING or IDEA that may or may NOT be specifically named. p. 356 (ex.—all, anybody, either, few, most, neither, nobody, nothing, etc.)
ADJECTIVES Adjective—a word used to MODIFY a NOUN or a PRONOUN. p. 358 ***Adjective questions: What kind? Which one? How much? How many? 1. Articles—modify a noun or pronoun a. a b. an c. the 2. Demonstrative adjectives—can be used as ADJECTIVES and as PRONOUNS. p. 360 This THAT THESE THOSE 3. Proper adjective—formed from a PROPER NOUN and begins with a CAPITAL LETTER. p. 362 (ex—CANADIAN citizen)