Presentation on theme: "From River Civilization to Isolation"— Presentation transcript:
1 From River Civilization to Isolation CHINESE CIVILIZATIONFrom River Civilization to Isolation
2 Between which two rivers is the heartland of China found?
3 China’s Sorrow River Systems Environmental Challenges Yellow RiverYangtze RiverEnvironmental ChallengesFloodsGeographic isolationInvasions from the west and northChina’s HeartlandNorth China PlainRemained center of civilization throughout time
4 The Dynastic Cycle Chinese Dynasties and Empires The Hsia Dynasty, BCThe Shang Dynasty, BCThe Chou, BCThe Han Dynasty, 206 BC-220 ADPeriod of Disunion, 220 AD-618 ADTang Dynasty, 618 AD-907 ADSung Dynasty, 969 AD-1279ADYuan Dynasty, 1279 AD-1368 ADMing Dynasty, 1368 AD-1644 ADQing Dynasty, 1644 AD-1912 AD
5 The First Dynasties Xia (Hsia) Little archaeological evidence exists 2000 BCFlood control & irrigation systemsSociety to civilizationLittle archaeological evidence existsNo written record – largely mythWhich brings up an interesting point…
6 “History is not about facts, it is about cultural memory, which means that what a culture believes its history to be is as important, or even more important, than the ‘facts…’”
7 Yin, the Capital of the Shang Dynasty for 300 years. The First DynastiesShangBCFirst written recordsCreation of walled citiesEarly citiesSocial stratificationWarring cultureCity-statesChina is NOT unified at this point in historyYin, the Capital of the Shang Dynasty for 300 years.
8 The Development of “a” Culture What are the benefits and drawbacks of the belief that the group is more important than the individual?
9 The Development of Culture FamilySocial ClassesReligious BeliefsThe Development of WritingZhou (Chou) Dynasty1027 BC-256 BCThe Dynastic Cycle
10 The Great WallWould a ruler who followed Confucian or Daoist ideas have built the Great Wall?
11 The Unification of China Confucius and The One Hundred Schools ( BC)Filial piety = respect for the family and ancestorsGovernment bureaucracyConfucius’ goals was to reform government so it could better take care of the welfare of the peopleDaoismLegalismQin (Ch’in) Dynasty3rd Century BC
12 The Heart of ChinaWhy was agriculture considered the most important and honored occupation in Chinese culture?
13 Han Emperors in China 200 BC- 220 AD Centralized Government Highly Structured SocietyTechnology & CommerceUnificationassimilation
14 What inventions have had the greatest impact on society? Modern InventionsWhat inventions have had the greatest impact on society?
15 Tang and Song China Tang Dynasty Song Dynasty 589AD Expansion of China Muslim invasionsChaosSong DynastyADProsperity and innovationGolden AgeChanges in Chinese society
16 What are the benefits and drawbacks of isolationism? Chinese ExplorationWhat are the benefits and drawbacks of isolationism?
17 Early Modern China The Rise of the Ming Manchus found the Qing Dynasty 1368 AD- 1644Manchus found the Qing Dynasty1644 AD- 1911