Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Rise of Kingdoms in Europe. Warm-up 3/16 Describe Feudalism.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "The Rise of Kingdoms in Europe. Warm-up 3/16 Describe Feudalism."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Rise of Kingdoms in Europe

2 Warm-up 3/16 Describe Feudalism

3 Economy Begins to Expand During the Late Middle Ages (1000 CE – 1300 CE), the economy of Europe gets stronger – Farms begin to produce more crops – Population increases Merchants begin to trade extra goods with one another – Some merchants begin to travel far distances to trade goods

4 Economy Continues to Expand Trade routes are developed along major rivers Towns begin to grow and roads connect towns

5 Economy Continues to Expand Peasants and serfs are able to start saving money and leave their manor – Many peasants and serfs become craftspeople and merchants – Some start their own farms near towns where food is needed

6 Feudalism Weakens Because many serfs and peasants are beginning to leave their manors, the feudalism system becomes weaker

7 Kings become more Powerful Kings became more powerful. People agreed to pay taxes in return for protection and government – Kings are able to afford the powerful armies and the best weapons Lords and knights begin to lose their power

8 Nation-States Emerge During the Late Middle Ages (1300 CE – 1500 CE), several kingdoms continued to increase in size and power and eventually formed nation- states Nation-State: An independent country united under one government and linked by a common culture and language

9 Nation-States Emerge 4 major kingdoms developed into nation-states: – England – France – Spain – Russia

10 England During the Early Middle Ages, England was dominated by two tribes: – the Angles (northern, central and eastern England) – the Saxons (southern England) In the 800s, King Alfred united the two groups to from one country

11 The Magna Carta Magna Carta- Brainpop Magna Carta- Brainpop The Magna Carta came about when King John angered many nobles with a set of laws they believed were unfair – He agreed to lower taxes, but did not – Many believed King John was abusing his power as king In 1215, the nobles, barons, and church officials rebelled against King John and forced him to sign an agreement. – This agreement listed the rights of nobles and limited the power of kings

12 France A group called the Franks formed the Holy Roman Empire in the 800s Next, the Capetian Dynasty began and rulers of this dynasty continued to expand the French kingdom

13 France (continued) In 1226, Louis IX became King of France at the age of 12 (with help from his mom). Louis was a strong leader: – He defined the duties of royal officials – He created punishments for counterfeiting money – He outlawed duels In 1328, the last Capetian ruler died and France entered a period known as the Hundred Years War

14 The Hundred Years War Lasted from 1337-1453 A series of short wars between England and France over control of land The English won major battles because they had better weapons, mainly the longbow

15 The Hundred Years War Joan of Arc was a peasant girl from who said she had visions from God to drive the English out of France Led by Joan of Arc, the French rallied and pushed the English back. However, she was captured and killed After her death, the French started using cannons and were able to drive the English all the way out of France

16 Spain During the 700s, Muslims conquered much of the land in Spain and ruled the area for a few hundred years By the late 1200s, the Christians pushed the Muslims out of Spain, except for small parts The kingdoms of Prince Ferdinand and Princess Isabella joined forming one large Spanish kingdom They were able to defeat the remaining Muslims

17 The Inquisition Although Muslims no longer had control of Spain, some Muslims still lived there This led to the Inquisition During the Inquisition, Christians tortured and killed many people of other religions (Islam and Judaism) because they viewed these religions as a threat

18 Russia During the 900s, Russia was known as Kievan Rus Weakened by civil war, Kiev and its surrounding states were captured by the Mongols, led by Genghis Kahn in the early 1200s They were forced to be part of the Mongolian Empire

19 Russia (continued) By 1380, Russia had gained enough power and wealth to fight back against the Mongols In the early 1400s, the Russians were able to drive the Mongols out of Russia for good The Mongolian Empire in 1279

20 Russia (continued) In 1547, a tsar (ruler) named Ivan IX took control of Russia Ivan feared that nobles would try to overthrow him, so he: – Killed and imprisoned many wealthy citizens – He passed laws making serfs and peasants bound to their land (not allowed to leave). Serfs and peasants were a part of Russia until the 1800s. – He required nobles to supply troops for the Russian army He later became known as Ivan the Terrible

21 Nation-States Emerge 4 major kingdoms developed into nation-states: – England – France – Spain – Russia

Download ppt "The Rise of Kingdoms in Europe. Warm-up 3/16 Describe Feudalism."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google