Presentation on theme: "Freshmen Career Fair. » Consider the type of paper you’re writing: analytical ˃An analytical paper breaks down an issue or an idea into its component."— Presentation transcript:
» Consider the type of paper you’re writing: analytical ˃An analytical paper breaks down an issue or an idea into its component parts, evaluates the issue or idea, and presents this breakdown and evaluation to the audience. expository ˃An expository (explanatory) paper explains something to the audience. +(This is the type of paper you’ll write for the career fair.) persuasive ˃A persuasive paper makes a claim about a topic and justifies this claim with specific evidence. The claim could be an opinion, a policy proposal, an evaluation, a cause-and-effect statement, or an interpretation. The goal of the argumentative paper is to convince the audience that the claim is true based on the evidence provided.
» Your thesis statement should be specific—it should cover only what you will discuss in your paper and should be supported with specific evidence. » The thesis statement usually appears within the first paragraph of a paper. » Your topic may change as you write, so you may need to revise your thesis statement to reflect exactly what you have discussed in the paper.
» Example of an expository (explanatory) thesis statement: ˃In order to become a teacher, one must earn a bachelor’s degree, be skilled in public speaking, be flexible in challenging circumstances, and work well with children and young adults. » The paper that follows should: ˃Explain the courses a teacher must take to earn a bachelor’s degree ˃Justify the need for public speaking skills as a teacher ˃Explain why teachers must be flexible ˃Justify why teachers must be able to work well with children and young adults
» Never… I mean NEVER… » Start a paper with: ˃In this paper, I am writing about… ˃I am going to write about… ˃I am going to explain… ˃My goal in this paper is to… ˃I think that… » Basically, NEVER use first person in an expository, persuasive, or analytical essay. » First person should ONLY be used in narratives.
» Also, never… I mean NEVER… » Say any of the following in your paper: ˃First, I will explain this… ˃Then, I will explain this… ˃The next topic I am going to talk about is… ˃In conclusion,… ˃So,… » The purpose of essays is to show, not to tell. » Show me what your next topic is, don’t tell me what it is! Show me that you’re concluding!
» There are two primary types of outlines: » Sentence Outlines ˃In sentence outlines, you will write a complete sentence for each point in the outline. » Topic Outlines ˃You do not need to use complete sentences in topic outlines, just give a general idea of what a given section of a paper will be about.
» When outlining an essay, you always use the following formatting: ˃Roman Numerals (I, II, III, IV, V) (these are capital letters, not numbers) +These typically represent the topics of paragraphs. ˃Capitalized Letters (A, B, C, etc.) +These represent specific topics within paragraphs (sub-topics) that you will discuss. ˃Arabic Numerals (1, 2, 3, etc.) +These represent specific details within the sub-topics. ˃Lowercase Letters (a, b, c, etc.) +These represent a breakdown of specific details mentioned above.
» If you have a “I,” you have to have a “II” » If you have an “A,” you have to have a “B” » If you have a “1,” you have to have a “2” » If you have an “a,” you have to have a “b” » Beyond that, you don’t need a “D” because you have a “C,” etc. » Five-paragraph essays should have Roman numerals I-V.