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**Learn to divide decimals by whole numbers.**

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Remember! Quotient 0.15 5 0.75 Divisor Dividend

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**Additional Example 1A: Dividing a Decimal by a Whole Number**

Find the quotient. 0.84 ÷ 3 0. 2 8 Place a decimal point in the quotient directly above the decimal point in the dividend. Divide as you would with whole numbers. 3 0.84 – 6 24 – 24

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**Additional Example 1B: Dividing a Decimal by a Whole Number**

Find the quotient. 3.56 ÷ 4 0. 8 9 Place a decimal point in the quotient directly above the decimal point in the dividend. Divide as you would with whole numbers. 4 3.56 – 32 36 – 36

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Check It Out: Example 1A Find the quotient. 0.72 ÷ 3 0. 2 4 Place a decimal point in the quotient directly above the decimal point in the dividend. Divide as you would with whole numbers. 3 0.72 – 6 12 – 12

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Check It Out: Example 1B Find the quotient. 2.96 ÷ 4 0. 7 4 Place a decimal point in the quotient directly above the decimal point in the dividend. Divide as you would with whole numbers. 4 2.96 – 28 16 – 16

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**Additional Example 2A: Evaluating Decimal Expressions**

Evaluate ÷ x for the given value of x. x = 9 0.936 ÷ x 0.936 ÷ 9 Substitute 9 for x. 0. 1 4 Sometimes you need to use a zero as a placeholder. – 9 9 > 3, so place a zero in the quotient and divide 9 into 36. 3 – 0 36 – 36

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**Additional Example 2B: Evaluating Decimal Expressions**

Evaluate ÷ x for the given value of x. x = 18 0.936 ÷ x 0.936 ÷ 18 Substitute 18 for x. 0. 5 2 Sometimes you need to use a zero as a placeholder. – 0 18 > 9, so place a zero in the quotient and divide 18 into 93. 93 – 90 36 – 36

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Check It Out: Example 2A Evaluate ÷ x for the given value of x. x = 6 0.636 ÷ x 0.636 ÷ 6 Substitute 6 for x. 0. 1 6 Sometimes you need to use a zero as a placeholder. – 6 6 > 3, so place a zero in the quotient and divide 6 into 36. 3 – 0 36 – 36

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Check It Out: Example 2B Evaluate ÷ x for the given value of x. x = 12 0.636 ÷ x 0.636 ÷ 12 Substitute 12 for x. 0. 5 3 Sometimes you need to use a zero as a placeholder. – 0 12 > 6, so place a zero in the quotient and divide 12 into 63. 63 – 60 36 – 36

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**Multiplication can “undo” division**

Multiplication can “undo” division. To check your answer to a division problem, multiply the divisor by the quotient. Remember!

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Additional Example 3: Consumer Application Jodi and three of her friends are making a tile design. The materials cost $ If they share the cost equally, how much should each person pay? $10.12 should be divided into four equal groups. Divide $10.12 by 4. $2. 5 3 Place a decimal point in the quotient directly above the decimal point in the dividend. Divide as you would with whole numbers. 4 $10.12 – 8 21 – 20 Check 12 2.53 4 = 10.12 – 12 Each person should pay $2.53.

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Check It Out: Example 3 Ty and three of his friends are building a fence. The lumber costs $ If they share the cost equally, how much should each person pay? $21.44 should be divided into four equal groups. Divide $21.44 by 4. $5. 3 6 Place a decimal point in the quotient directly above the decimal point in the dividend. Divide as you would with whole numbers. 4 $21.44 – 20 14 – 12 Check 24 5.36 4 = 21.44 – 24 Each person should pay $5.36.

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