Presentation on theme: "Prepositional Phrases Always contain PREPOSITION and OBJECT OF PREPOSITION (NOUN) After school Sometimes contain adjectives in the middle Before the exhausting."— Presentation transcript:
Prepositional Phrases Always contain PREPOSITION and OBJECT OF PREPOSITION (NOUN) After school Sometimes contain adjectives in the middle Before the exhausting day When underlining the prepositional phrase, remember to underline all of it, all the way to the object but no more. (Unless there is a multiple object: beside the cat and hat. ) Prep. Phrases act as either ADJECTIVES or ADVERBS. (Look at what they are describing, what questions they are answering.)
VERBALS THREE TYPES: - Participials – Act as Adjectives – past or present - Gerunds – end in ING, Act as NOUNS - Infinitives – TO + VERB – ACT as noun, adjective, adverbs. When underlining, be sure to underline the entire phrase – might include direct objects, prep. phrases if they are attached to the verbal.
GERUNDS -(ing) – as noun Subject of Sentence– (you should be able to recognize this) Running is fun. Object of preposition – from slide #1. I will shower after running. Predicate Nominative – Comes after a linking verb, renames the subject of the sentence. Example: I am a teacher. She is my sister. My favorite sport is running. Direct Object – Comes after an action verb, receives the action of the verb. Ask: verb what? She baked a cake. He likes running.
Identifying as Noun, Adj., Adverb If it is a noun, try replacing it with the word MATH and see if it makes grammatical sense. If it is an adjective, it should describe a noun. If it is an adverb, it will tell where, when, how, to what extent.