Presentation on theme: "THE CIVIL WAR : YEAR BY YEAR (1861-1865). 1861 – A slow start In the East (Atlantic Ocean) The C.S.A. took over Ft. Sumter in South Carolina The U.S.A."— Presentation transcript:
1861 – A slow start In the East (Atlantic Ocean) The C.S.A. took over Ft. Sumter in South Carolina The U.S.A. (UNION) and C.S.A. (CONFEDERACY) met at Manassas Junction, VA for the 1 st Battle of Bull Run. The Union lost. The Union Navy used the Anaconda strategy to blockade all Confederate shipping.
The Battle of the Capitols Washington D.C. Richmond, Virginia 1 st Bull Run
1862 – The Confederacy holds strong In the East (Atlantic Ocean): General McClellan led the Union to invade the C.S.A. and try to capture Richmond. The Peninsular Campaign was ended when Confederate Generals Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson defeated the Union Army.
1862 – The Confederacy holds strong In the East (Atlantic Ocean): Robert E. Lee led the C.S.A. Army into Maryland (Union) to attack Washington D.C. The Union defeated him at Antietam. 22,000 were wounded in one day. The C.S.A. retreated.
Antietam The battle of Antietam is the bloodiest day on American Soil. More people died on Sept. 17, 1862 than any other single day in America.
Fighting in 1862 Washington D.C. Richmond, Virginia Antietam The Peninsular Campaign
1862 – In the West David Farragut used the navy to capture New Orleans. Ulysses S. Grant attacked from Tennessee. He captured several forts and pushed down the Mississippi River.
1863 Lincoln Delivers the: –Emancipation Proclamation –Gettysburg Address
1863 – In the East From May to July, Lee marched the C.S.A. army into Union territory. The Union Army, under General Meade, followed. They met in Gettysburg, PA. From July 1-July 3 they fought. The South lost and Lee retreated.
Gettysburg – July 1-3, 1863 Washington D.C. Richmond, Virginia Gettysburg
1863 – In the West In the West - At Vicksburg, Mississippi General Grant took control of the Mississippi. 1864 - Lincoln appointed Grant commander of the Union Army.
1864 In the East – Grant marched from Washington D.C. straight to Richmond VA. On May 3 he captured Richmond. In the West – General Sherman led the Union army East from the Mississippi River to the Atlantic Ocean. (the March to the Sea) He marched north up the coast burning Savannah, Charleston and Atlanta.
1865 – Surrender On April 9, 1865, Robert E. Lee surrenders the C.S.A. Army to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia.
Fighting in 1864 & 1865 Washington D.C. Richmond, Virginia Appomattox
... we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain-- that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom--and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.