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CCS and the Environment Plymouth Marine Laboratory, UK UKCCSC Workshop, Nottingham, 17-18 April 2007.

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Presentation on theme: "CCS and the Environment Plymouth Marine Laboratory, UK UKCCSC Workshop, Nottingham, 17-18 April 2007."— Presentation transcript:

1 CCS and the Environment Plymouth Marine Laboratory, UK UKCCSC Workshop, Nottingham, 17-18 April 2007

2 UKCCSC Meeting April 2007 Nottingham Theme 3 CCS and the Environment C.1 Marine Ecosystem ModelsBlackford, (PML) Marine system models to quantify and predict ecosystem affects of acidification. C.2 Laboratory MesocosmsWiddicombe, (PML) Investigate impact on biodiversity, animal health, bioavailability and speciation of contaminants C.3 Natural AnaloguesRees, (PML) and in collaboration with Theme B Investigate potential analogues to determine relevance of natural seepage and seek funding if appropriate C.4 Scientific LiteratureTurley (PML), Colls (Nottingham) Access all appropriate scientific information C.5 Field experimentsColls (Nottingham) Identify responses to terrestrial leaks C.6 Socio-economicsAusten (PML) and in collaboration with Theme D Environmental/society interaction and policy implications C.7 Networking Turley (PML) and Colls (Nottingham) Facilitate internal and external information exchange including policy makers

3 UKCCSC Meeting April 2007 Nottingham Theme 3 CCS and the Marine Environment C.7 Networking Turley (PML) Facilitate internal and external information exchange including policy makers C.6 Socio-economicsAusten (PML) Environmental/society interaction and policy implications

4 Informing UK Agencies, NGOs etc ……. Workshop on Ocean Acidification for UK Agencies, Government and NGOs, 28 January 2005 at EN HQ Presentation to EN (now Natural England) Council March 2006 Dan Laffoley Chair of IMCO2 RUG 2005-2007– major buy in Evidence to EA – on OA and CCS 2006 EA workshop via Andrew Wither on Global and local impacts of Ocean Acidification 2007 WWF, Greenpeace, Friends of the Earth, E3G, Bellona Foundation Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society Marine Conservation Society Annual Conference International Whaling Commission NGOs Conservation Societies

5 Presentation at the ADCC Symposium at the Met Office, Exeter 1-2 February 2005 + Publication Engaging the Climate Change Policy Community ……. Presentation at Climate Change & Governance Conference, New Zealand, March 2006. Key note + Publication in CONFRONTING CLIMATE CHANGE 2006 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Presentation at UNFCCC Twenty-Second Sessions of the Subsidiary Bodies and seminar of governmental experts, Bonn May 2005 Evidence to the Stern Report on Economic of Climate Change

6 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Assesses scientific, technical and socio-economic information Relevant for the understanding of climate change Assesses its potential impacts Assesses options for adaptation and mitigation Last reported in 2001, new report in 2007 – will help drive new framework on climate change i.e. post Kyoto. Lead Author of marine section for WGII, Ch4 Ecosystems Ocean acidification included in the new report – a first for IPCC! 2007 \ /

7 Engaging the Energy Mitigation Community … Towards a Sustainable Energy Economy (TSEC a UKRC funded programme) UK Carbon Capture and Storage Consortium (UKCCSC) PML TSEC project funded, PML leads the Environment Theme and is a member of the Senior Management Team UK Energy Research Council (UKERC) keynote EPSRC Energy Programme Science Advisory Group UKRC 2007 SR bid on Energy Future funding?

8 IMCO2 Evidence into Laws for Protection of Our Oceans..... Evidence at OSPAR Workshop on the environmental impact of placement of carbon dioxide in geological structures in the maritime area, Trondheim, 26-27 October 2004. OSPAR Biodiversity Committee Intercessional corresponding group convened by Norway and the UK to review Effects of Ocean Acidification in OSPAR area. OSPAR report on Ocean Acidification 2006 UN International Maritime Organization Seminar on CO 2 Sequestration in Geological Structures, for the London Convention, DTI Conference Centre, London, 20 May 2005 Evidence at IMO, London Convention Science Group and contribution to the Senior Team report on CCS 25 May 2005 Evidence at IMO, London Convention Science Group Intersessional Technical Working Group on CO2 sequestration April 2006 OA used as a key driver for changes to The London Protocol considered CCS and highest legal barrier removed. CCS legal from February 2007. OSPAR predicted to follow suite.

9 Working with Government Departments…. Annual Report Card December 2006: section on ocean acidification supplied by PML - GECC (Global Environmental Change Committee): presentation, report, questionnaire on research needs 2006 Dti: request for information on CCS (via OSPAR & London Convention) Defra: requests for information on CCS and OA (Marine and Global Atmosphere Divisions)

10 Working and Informing UK Government….. Government initiatives as part of the UK Presidency of the EU and G8: ADCC symposium and book launch Climate Change Workshop Tipping Points in the Earth System, British Embassy, Berlin. A shared Resource – Carbon capture and storage in the North Sea. British Embassy, Norway Written evidence at request of defra for input into G8 & Montreal Evidence to Government reviews: e.g. Stern Review on Economics of Climate Change, Treasury Review of CCS, Marine Bill Presentations to Government Ministers and Civil Servants: e.g. Elliot Morley, Linda Gilroy, Howard Dalton, David Warrilow, John Roberts

11 Informing Parliament …. Poster on CCS at Set for Britain meeting, Houses of Parliament, March 2006 Responding to Parliamentary Questions e.g. PQ 0765 05/06 by Normal Baker PML response by Mr Morley Parliamentary & Scientific Committee, Westminster, presentation on SOA, 23 October 2006 + publication in Parliamentary Journal. 30 th January 2007: PMSP breakfast reception in the House of Commons

12 Informing the EU…. Turley, Hawkins & Reid. Seminar on Impact of Climate Change and Ocean Acidification, Brussels 13 December 2004 to DG Environment Laffoley, Turley & Greenaway. Lunchtime seminar on Climate change, surface ocean acidification and their impacts on European seas 2006 to Heads of DGs FP7 Call on December 2006: Specific consortium on Ocean Acidification OA mentioned throughout the call = lots of funding opportunities EU presentation on OA: FP7 Advisory Group of Experts, 30 July 2006 Plus much lobbying by others …………………

13 Public Understanding – Books, Articles and Art Ship: The Art of Climate Change, at the Natural History Museum (Artists Heather Ackroyd and Dan Harvey) Stanford University Climate Change and Policy Book, chapter on marine ecosystems Climate Change children's book on Global Warming, Susie Hodge Global Pollution in a series called Science Behind the Headlines. Published by Tick Tock Media for children Review chapter on OA in Climate Change Book by Fred Pearce Loads of media coverage PML PhD studentships – 70-80% of applicants wanted to work on aspects of ocean acidification (100% of the short listed candidates) – shows outreach excellent! Crystallized whale skeleton:Cape Farewell Project

14 POLICY INFORMATION FLOW Research Scientists Laboratory Directors of Research Centres Directors of Research Councils Government Scientific Advisor Government Departments/Agencies SCIENCEENVIRONMENTALECONOMICS Pressure & Lobby Groups e.g. NGOs National and International Expert Groups Misconstrued Misinterpreted Generalization Quality loss Loss of context Probabilities became facts Media, Public & www Strategy: Information Flow to Policy Makers - a multi-pronged approach UK EU International Reference User Group

15 Involving the User Community in the Science ……. The PML Reference User Group (RUG) for High CO 2 : Government Depts: DEFRA, DTI, SE Government Agencies: EN/NE, EA, UKCIP, SNH Industry: BP NGOs: WWF, Greenpeace, E3G Europe: EEA Independents: BGS, The Royal Society Chair: Dan Laffoley - Natural England & IUCN WCPA

16 Stakeholder Analysis of Sub Seabed Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Nicola Beaumont and Mel Austen, Plymouth Marine Laboratory Details ½ day Reference User Group (RUG) participation Agreed rules of stakeholder analysis ( previously circulated) to ensure absolute security to talk freely RUG divided to two groups Encouraged to discuss and arrive at an agreed response to a questionnaire to explore: –Stakeholder perceptions of additional risks or benefits –Which impacts are most significant –Ability of stakeholders to agree on acceptability of potential environmental impacts Purpose to improve understanding of stakeholder perceptions of potential marine environmental impacts associated with sub seabed geological CCS.

17 Key Perceptions CCS is part of the UKs low carbon emission toolkit for the future Small-scale (10m 2 ), low-frequency environmental impacts are acceptable CCS should be implemented straight away although parallel research into the impacts should continue More research into potential impacts was required: likelihood of different physico-chemical scenarios i.e. probabilities of impact/leak temporal and spatial scale of impact (how much leakage, how often, dispersion) realism of physico-chemical models Under these scenarios need to know organism/ecosystem impacts and the scales at which they take place recovery potential cumulative effects of impact realism of ecosystem models Regulation and monitoring could be safely undertaken by government and industry over short and long time scales


19 On-line Events and the WWW. Web article in climate change debate on Live World Ocean Web Caste on SOA 13 November 2006 14-18 yr olds from around the world Presentations by experts Q & A Text dialogue search hits on ocean acidification: October 2003 = 17 June 2006 = 267,000 January 2007 = 321,000

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