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EReSS: e-Research Standards and Specifications I. Dolphin, R. Sherratt, C. Awre, S. Jeyes and R.J. Allan.

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Presentation on theme: "EReSS: e-Research Standards and Specifications I. Dolphin, R. Sherratt, C. Awre, S. Jeyes and R.J. Allan."— Presentation transcript:

1 eReSS: e-Research Standards and Specifications I. Dolphin, R. Sherratt, C. Awre, S. Jeyes and R.J. Allan

2 Support for JISC VRE Programme eReSS was funded by JISC to support the VRE Programme and related activities from 2006-2009. It is an international consortium including experts in a variety of technical and standards fields. It is lead by University of Hull. It will undertake an assessment and review of and provide advice on the use of specifications and standards within the VRE Programme and wider e-Research communities. –Currently we are visiting projects to gain input and requirements eReSS uses a Confluence Wiki at: There is an introduction and related material at an older Twiki Wiki:

3 eReSS Consortium –Ian Dolphin, Robert Sherratt, Chris Awre (U. Hull) –Rob Allan, Xiaobo Wang (STFC Daresbury Laboratory) –Rob Crouchley (U. Lancaster) –Mark Baker (U. Reading) –Peter Burnhill, Christine Rees, James Reid, Tim Stickland (EDINA) –Joseph Hardin (U. Michigan) –Shoji Kajita (Nagoya University) –Steve Jeyes (Edexcel) –Jim Farmer (im+m and Georgetown) –Jon Allen (im+m)

4 eReSS Activities Review on an ongoing basis interoperability standards, frameworks and technology platforms (tools) and identify their applicability to VRE development activities. –It is recognised that these might have their origin within the e- Research arena or have been developed by other sectors and have potential applicability to e-Research. Review current VRE development work and identify requirements for interoperability. This task will provide a basis upon which the pragmatic implementation of appropriate interoperability recommendations can be made. Propose suitable interoperability solutions where there are any and provide guidance to current and future JISC VRE projects as to their implementation. –The proposed solution will provide an easy-to-use reference guide backed up by the expertise of consortium members. This task could also be used as a vehicle to form feedback on the usability of international ICT standards for e-Research and propose changes or enhancements if required for future versions.

5 Related Activities in the UK In our paper for this workshop we listed a number of related UK activities to which we will refer: JISC VRE 1 e-Research Wiki CETIS: Centre for Educational Technology and Interoperability Standards UKOLN JISC Standards Catalogue http://standards- E-Framework for Education and Research http://ww.e- framework.orghttp://ww.e- UK Grid Engineering Task Force AHRC ICT Guides Standards become more useful as more people use them. We should encourage all these groups to share experiences.

6 Why do we need Standards? If youre working on your own, maybe you dont need any. Big organisations might have their own. But if youre working openly with other people, you need to communicate with them, exchange and use data, information or software – interoperability. Standards are necessary to promote re-usability, understandability and longevity. In software development, standards can help with the vision of a Service Oriented Architecture of plug-and-play components. Agile development? Many areas of standards are important, for instance from data curation to knowledge management. But, specifications and standards can be complex, hard to understand and dont always fit the use case. Standards evolve and new ones arise over periods of several years. We are not the Standards Police!

7 International Standards Bodies Just a few: W3C: the World Wide Web Consortium http://www.w3c.org IETF: the Internet Engineering Task Force http://www.ietf.org OASIS: Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards http://www.oasis-open.org ANSI: American National Standards Institute ISO: International Standards Organization http://www.iso.org OGF: Open Grid Forum Some companies set up their own. The good thing about standards is there is always more than one to choose from.

8 Agreed Standard or Folksonomy? We can list and reference agreed standards, but What do we do about de facto standards? Some standards are bent to fit the purpose – should we lobby to encourage changes in later versions? Of course there is also Wikipedia http://www.wikipedia.org Wikipedia defines ``standard' to mean: Typically Standards are produced by many organization (or groups of cooperating entities), some for internal usage only, others for use by groups of people, groups of companies, or an entire industry. They form interest groups, that obtain mutual gains in coordinated action if they ensure a "group-wide" uniformity in measure (for comparative evaluations), or in a technical reference level of quality or attainment. Different classes of standard are defined and many individual ICT standards are listed. Many tools are also listed, for instance Sakai and uPortal.

9 So, how do I become a Standard? Apache JetSpeed Portal WebServices Web Service User Interface JCP - Java Portlet API JSR 168 OASIS TC Web Service for Remote Portals 1999 2000200120022003 Very rough timeline… OASIS TC Web Service for Interactive Applications OASIS TC WSIA Family WSRP as the initial spec. uPortal WebService channel Potted history of WSRP Standard

10 eReSS: the First Year The project started in March 2006 with an initial six-month phase to capture current usage of standards, specifications, tools and technologies within the JISC VRE 1 programme and document this in the Wiki. This work formed both the baseline for subsequent activities within the study and also fed into the development of the current VRE 2 Programme. The Wiki now has three sections: Overview - a categorisation of standards used and details of technologies used in e-Research; Details of each specification and standard; Contextual use of the standard.


12 Screenshots of Confluence eReSS Wiki Home Page

13 Current Areas of Interest User Facing Integration, Customisation and Personalisation Extensibility Documentation Security Workflow Lifecycle Compliance Standards for: Accessibility Business Communications Data DRM/ Licenses Frameworks Information Presentation Security Standards and specifications Categories Technologies Architectures Context of use

14 The eReSS Wiki

15 New additions

16 Project categories

17 VRE 1 Projects

18 Use of standards, by VRE project

19 Specifications and standards

20 Categories of Standards

21 Category of Technologies

22 A Good Example Personally I believe portals tell a good story of how standards can help with both interoperability and uptake. We held our Portals and Portlets 2003 workshop in July 2003, a month before two significant Java standards, JSR-168 (Java Portlet Specification) and WSRP (Web Services for Remote Portlets) were ratified. It is now possible to develop and re-use portlets in many compliant frameworks: eXo Platform, GridSphere, LifeRay, StringBeans, Pluto, WebSphere, BEA Portal, … Even Sakai now has a JSR-168 native interface and WSRP producer/ consumer [winks offline to Chuck…] We can combine: educational tools, collaboration and group working tools, research tools, audio-visual conferencing, Grid computing and data analysis, data and information cross searching and retrieval…

23 Common Services SOAP, WSDL, UDDI Portlet Service JSR-168, WSRP For Portals, we want to do This:

24 Some remaining Problems Remaining problems are often to do with older stovepipe software. These mostly integrated, in one package and without using open standards, security, authentication and authorisation, access control, search, model, view, control. Extending or re-factoring such software is extremely difficult. Internal role-based access mechanisms of two packages will be different and often have incompatible definitions. Security standards such as Shibboleth are hard to integrate into this environment. Moving data between packages is extremely difficult. Take Wiki tools as an example: there are many of them, each has a different internal structure, access control mechanism, Wiki language and data format. They are not inter-operable, cannot be integrated with other software and cause lock-in. We faced this problem with Sakai, initially looked at Xwiki, but eventually the CARET group in Cambridge developed Rwiki. A case of re- inventing the wheel, or a necessary pain?

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