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1 Social and Economic Inequality in the USA You will be able to :  Identify economic and social inequalities between the main ethnic groups in the USA.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Social and Economic Inequality in the USA You will be able to :  Identify economic and social inequalities between the main ethnic groups in the USA."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Social and Economic Inequality in the USA You will be able to :  Identify economic and social inequalities between the main ethnic groups in the USA.  Explain why these inequalities exist.  Explain what action the Government has taken to reduce these inequalities.  Evaluate how successful Government policies have been.

2 2 Social and Economic Inequality in the USA The United States is a capitalist country. The opportunity to become rich is part of the American Dream which is the idea that anyone in the USA can succeed through hard work and has the potential to lead a happy life.

3 3 Indicators of Inequality in Society: Economic inequality can be measured in terms of income, poverty levels and employment/unemployment levels. Social inequality can be measured in terms of crime, housing (ownership, value), health (life expectancy, mortality rates, etc.) and educational attainment. Social and Economic Inequality in the USA

4 4 Compared to other developed countries, the USA is a very unequal society. What this means is that the richest people in the USA have, on average, a far greater share of the total income or wealth than the poorest people.

5 Gini-coefficient of inequality: This is the most commonly used measure of inequality. The coefficient varies between 0, which reflects complete equality and 100, which indicates complete inequality (one person has all the income or consumption, all others have none). 5 COUNTRYDATEGINI COEFFICIENT LESOTHO199563.2 SOUTH AFRICA200563.1 ZAMBIA200450.8 MEXICO200848.3 CHINA201247.4 USA200745.0 UK200940.0 MALAWI200439.0 JAPAN200837.6 BANGLADESH200533.2 CANADA200532.1 ETHIOPIA200030.0 SWEDEN200523.0

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7 7 Social and Economic Inequality in the USA CHIPHEECHIPHEE Crime Housing Income Poverty Health Education Employment ECONOMIC SOCIAL

8 8 Individuals or families are "poor" if their annual pre-tax cash income falls below a dollar amount, or poverty threshold, that the Census Bureau determines using a federal measure of poverty that is recalculated each year.

9 9 White77.9% Black or African13.1% American Indian and Alaska Native1.2% Asian alone5.1% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone0.2% Population, 2012 estimate = 313,914,040

10 10 The number of Americans living in Poverty was 46.5million in 2012.

11 11 U.S. Census Bureau Poverty Thresholds, 2011 Size of Family UnitPoverty Threshold One person (unrelated individual) $11,484 Under age 6511,702 Age 65 or older10,788 Two people14,657 Householder under age 6515,139 Householder age 65 or older13,609 Three people17,916 Four people23,021 Five people27,251 Six people30,847 Seven people35,085 Eight people39,064 Nine people or more46,572 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Weighted Average Poverty Thresholds, 2011, released in September 2012.

12 12 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Poverty Guidelines, 2013 Persons in Family/Household Annual Income: 48 Contiguous States and D.C. Annual Income: Alaska Annual Income: Hawaii 1$11,490$14,350$13,230 2 15,510 19,380 17,850 3 19,530 24,410 22,470 4 23,550 29,440 27,090 5 27,570 34,470 31,710 6 31,590 39,500 36,330 7 35,610 44,530 40,950 8 39,630 49,560 45,570 >8 persons Add $4,020 for each additional person Add $5,030 for each additional person Add $4,620 for each additional person Source: Federal Register, Vol. 78, January 24, 2013, pp. 5182-5183. Notes: Separate guidelines for Alaska and Hawaii reflect the Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO) administrative practice beginning in the late 1960s. The poverty guidelines are designated by the year in which they are issued and are updated to account for the last calendar year's increase in prices as measured by the Consumer Price Index.

13 http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2013/10/22 /demographic-shift-puts-american-dream-out- reach/ http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2013/10/22 /demographic-shift-puts-american-dream-out- reach/ Why? Poor Education results The increase of Single parent families 13

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16 Riverbend Food Bank in Moline, Illinois The Riverbend Foodbank is a non– profit organisation that collects wholesome donations of food from the food industry for distribution to more than 300 charitable community organisations that support the hungry. Compass Family Services in San Francisco, California Compass Family Services is a private non-profit organization located in San Francisco, California. The agency's seven programmes provide services to more than 3,000 parents and children each year. “Compass Family Services breaking the cycle of homelessness and poverty”. Unreported World - 4oD - Channel 4#3108162#3108162 Unreported World - 4oD - Channel 4#3108162#3108162

17 Answer the following questions while watching the Film: 1.What is the St Columbanus Church and what does it do? 2.Why do some people not qualify for Government help? 3.How many Americans receive either state or private food assistance? 4.Which state has the highest debt in the USA? 17

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19 19 Unemployment Rates April 2010 WhitesHispanicsBlacks Asians 9.0% 12.5%16.5% 6.8% Employment Rates April 2010 WhitesHispanicsBlacks Asians 68.2% 67.7%62.7% 65.5%

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