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A theological interpretation of food sovereignty

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1 A theological interpretation of food sovereignty
The Tortilla Eucharist: A theological interpretation of food sovereignty

2 Lutero, Tishreden: “Uno no debe usar algo diferente al vino, omítase todo el sacramento a fin de que no se introduzca ninguna innovación.”


4 Última Cena. Marcos Zapata (XVIII)
Catedral de Cuzco

5 6-7 años comiendo 3 años des-comiendo 4-5 días sin beber agua 2-3 semanas sin comer


7 Genesis 47

8 Exodus 16.18 manna communism

9 Revelation 6.5-6 Third Rider: Famine

10 La pareja de Emaús

11 Feed the hungry: the absolute criterion of the Last Judgement
Feed the hungry: the absolute criterion of the Last Judgement. Matthew

12 5.7 “Dichosos los misericordiosos porque ellos recibirán misericordia”.



15 “eres un glotón y borracho”

16 “lord” the keeper of the loaf

17 With whom What How When Where

18 The Tortured Christ Guido Rocha hunger as a theological dogma


20 El Cristo Apache


22 “You, give them something to eat” Mark 6.1-15
The feeding of the crowd

23 Piscis assus, Cristus est passus Cuando se frie el pescado Cristo se sacrifica

24 La Última Cena, Salvador Dalí 1955


26 Primum vivere, deinde philosophari
Primum est edere, deinde philosophari Erst kommt das Fressen, dann die Moral

27 Dis-encounter of three kitchens.
Shifting their agriculture economy into a gold-oriented economy. Shifting small farms agriculture for a one crop agriculture: sugar cane, cotton, coffee, banana




31 Capitalist System

32 “Capitalism is the more perfect digestive system known in history, it digest everything that crosses its path” Tomas Maldonado

33 Thomas Robert Malthus Ensayo sobre el principio de la población 1798

34 Otto von Bismark (1815-98) “German rye bread” to avoid dependence on wheat from rival nations.

35 “Do you want to improve people
“Do you want to improve people? Then, instead of preaching against sin, give them better food.” Ludwig Feuerbach ( )

36 From a totally different perspective, I’m more interested in a more pressing issue than any theologian subtleties, the problem around which depends the salvation of humankind: the problem of food

37 Nazi organized hunger: “a lower race needs less room, less clothing, less food.”

38 “There is today one state in which at least weak beginnings toward a better conception of immigration are noticeable.” Porfirio Díaz (Mexican dictator from )

39 Of course, it is not our model German Republic, but the United States
Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf

40 “The South also exists” Mario Benedetti
Amnesia Wall “The South also exists” Mario Benedetti

41 El vino, de plátano; y si sale agrio, ¡es nuestro vino!
José Martí

42 El Velorio (1893) Fco. Manuel Oller Cestero


44 “Porto Ricans are beyond doubt the dirtiest, laziest, most degenerate and thievish race of men ever inhabiting this sphere. What the island needs is not public health work but a tidal wave or somenting to totally externinate the population.

45 I have done my best to further the process of extermination by killing off 8...” Cornelius Rhoads, 1931.

46 “Poor Mexico, too far from God, and too close to USA.”
Porfirio Díaz (Mexican dictator from )

47 “. . . we must march from ocean to ocean, We must march from Texas straight to the Pacific ocean. . .It is the destiny of the white race, it is the destiny of the Anglo-Saxon race.” (The “Congretional Globe” February 11, 1847)

48 “the universal Yankee Nation can regenerate and disenthrall the people of Mexico in a few years; and we believe it is a part of our destiny to civilize that beautiful country.” (“The New York Herald”)







55 The II World War Wall



58 La Cena chicana

59 “We have about 50% of the world´s wealth but only 6
“We have about 50% of the world´s wealth but only 6.3% of its population…In this situation, we cannot fail to be the object of envy and resentment….

60 We need not deceive ourselves that we can afford today the luxury of altruism and world-benefaction….” George <kennan, US State Department senior planning offcial, 1948.

61 “He who controls the food chain controls the people; he who controls energy, will be able to control entire continents; he who controls money can control the world.” Alfred Heinz (Henry) Kissinger Jew-German-USA citizen.

62 El Banquete de Wall Street Diego Rivera

63 If you’re looking for the best way to make people dependent, it seems to me that food dependence is excellent. H. Humphrey, USA Vice-president.

64 “the effort of some developing countries to become self-sufficient in terms of food production should be a memory of old times. Those countries must save money importing food from the United States.” John Block, USA Secretary of Agriculture

65 “Food is power. We use it to change behavior
“Food is power! We use it to change behavior. Some may call that bribery. We do not apologize.” Catherine Bertini, Executive Director, UN World Food Program, former US Assistant Secretary of Agriculture, 1995.

66 The NAFTA Wall Agriculture is important to our nation, to feed our people. Can you imagine a country incapable of producing enough food to feed its population? It would be a nation exposed to international pressures. It would be a vulnerable nation. That’s why when we talk about American agriculture, actually we’re talking about national security. George Bush Jr. July 27, 2001, Washington.

67 NAFTA USA, 1.20 hrs. = 1 ton of corn Mexico 18 days = 1 ton of corn


69 El último desayuno Aubrey Hallis 1996

70 The Genetic Wall “Give us today our daily bread is a pledge to Monsanto and not to God.” Vandana Shiva

71 Soybeans for Me Argentina.”
“I have the impression that finally Argentina has a regime which understands the private enterprise system.” David Rockefeller







78 “And Mexico ends Where the Corn fields ends.” The Corn Tortilla Wall
Gabriela Mistral, Chilean Nobel Prize



81 “If all undocumented people in the USA were expelled, the effect on the Northamerica economy…would be less than dessaster…Fruits and legumes in Florida, Texas and California wouldn’t be harvested. Food would spectacularly raised its prices. Mexicans want to come to the US, they are needed and add visible to our wellbeing.” John Kenneth Gilbraith, “The Nature of Mass Poverty” 1977.

82 The Ideological Wall The reason we are in Irak is to plant the seeds of democracy so they flourish there and spread to the entire region of authoritarianism.” George Bush.

83 “The party of the Iraq war and family values desperately needs you to forget about dead soldiers and randy congressmen, and to think instead about the bad things immigrants will do to us if we don’t wall them out. Hence the fence, and the vast campaigns against it.” (The New York Times, Editorial, Oct )

84 “the most important step Americans [sic] can take to end hunger is to remove U.S. support —financial, diplomatic, and military— from regimes determined to resist the changes necessary to end hunger.” Frances Moore Lappé

85 The Calories Wall

86 The Kingdom of God doesn’t have walls
“There are people who observe reality and ask, why? And there are people who imagine reality as never has existed and ask, why not?” George Bernard Shaw

87 Fractio Panis fresco del 3er siglo
Fractio Panis fresco del 3er siglo. Capilla griega en la catacumba de Santa Priscila

88 Bohdan Piasecki 1998

89 La Primera Cena Dafne Elvira, 2001

90 The Last Supper, Cornell Barness


92 La Cena Campesina (1978) Manuel García (Nicaragua)



95 No wall will stop hunger

96 Gutten Appetit!

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