3 The Industrial Revolution in America The Big IdeaThe Industrial Revolution transformed the way goods were produced in the United States.Mills and factories started to develop because of the Industrial Revolution
4 Beginning of the Industrial Revolution Main Idea 1:The invention of new machines in Great Britain led to the beginning of the Industrial Revolution.Great Britain
5 Beginning of the Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution, a period of rapid growth using machines to make goods, arose in Great Britain in the mid-1700sThe Industrial Revolution changes the way people live and workAn American industry worker
6 Beginning of the Industrial Revolution Richard Arkwright, an Englishman, invented a spinning machine in 1769 called the water frame, which replaced hand spinning for textiles.The water frame used flowing water as a source of power.Could produce dozens of cotton threads at the same timeLowered the cost of cotton production and increased the speed of textile productionThe spinning water frame
9 Beginning of the Industrial Revolution The first breakthrough in the Industrial Revolution was in how textiles, or cloth goods, were made.Great Britain soon built the world’s most productive textile manufacturing industry.Textiles are things like cloth and the fabrics we use to make clothingA textile factory
10 New Machines and Processes Main Idea 2:The development of new machines and processes brought the Industrial Revolution to the United States.
11 New Machines and Processes Samuel Slater brought the secret of textile mill manufacturing from Great Britain to the United States.
12 New Machines and Processes The Industrial Revolution in America begins in New England – the North Eastern part of America shown here in redA New England Factory
13 New Machines and Processes New England was ideal for the change because…Faming was difficult due to poor soilThere were plenty of rivers for factory powerThere were plenty ofports for tradeMerchants had capital(money) to invest infactoriesFactories were near the rivers
14 New Machines and Processes U.S. factories needed better technology, or tools, to manufacture muskets.Inventor Eli Whitney developed musket factories using water-powered machinery.Eli Whitney’s factory
15 New Machines and Processes Whitney introduced the idea of interchangeable parts, or parts of a machine that are identical, to make musket manufacturing easier.Interchangeable parts sped up the process of mass production, which is the efficient production of large numbers of identical goods.
17 Slow Start in Manufacturing Main Idea 3:Despite a slow start in manufacturing, the United States made rapid improvements because of the War of 1812.President Jefferson passed the Embargo Act to avoid war. In the end, it ended up helping manufacturing in the US because the US couldn’t count on other countries for goods.
18 Slow Start in Manufacturing The War of 1812 cut off trade with Great Britain, allowing manufacturing in the United States to prosper and expand.Americans realized that the United States had been relying too heavily on foreign goods.