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Early India Chapter 4 Section 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Early India Chapter 4 Section 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Early India Chapter 4 Section 1

2 Key Terms Subcontinent Monsoons Citadel Vedas Rajas Varnas castes

3 India’s Geography Indus River
Subcontinent-large landmass that is part of a continent 3 geographic areas Himalayan and Hindu Kush Mountains Deccan Plateau (south) Northern Plains, where civilization developed

4 India’s Geography Indus, Ganges, and Brahamaputra enrich the soil in the plains Monsoons seasonal winds Sumer months warm air, heavy rains Winter dry cool wind from central Asia Drier months

5 India’s Geography Depended on monsoons for water
Flooded rivers and left silt Too heavy flooding and destruction Too late can’t grow enough

6 Indus Valley Civilizations
2500 BC beginning Started to write Harappa discovered 1920 Mohenjo Daro- mound of the dead.

7 Indus Valley Civilizations
Well planned Grid pattern of streets Had public sewers Citadel-large walled and elevated city Enclosed Granaries Shrines Homes, and workshops

8 Indus Valley Civilizations
Economy Agriculture and trade Cities specialization Traded close and distant Central Asia Mesopotamia

9 Indus Valley Civilizations
Society Not learned a lot Indus valley single society Shared common tool designs Standard weights and measures

10 Indus Valley Civilizations
Decline 2000 BC started to decline Suffered repeated flooding River changed course Invasion or disease

11 The Vedic Period 2000 BC new people take control Aryans arrived
Vedas-sacred writings include details of Aryan history and society

12 Vedic Period Vedic Society Settled in villages Rajas- regional leaders
Usually a war leader Offered protection received food or money

13 The Vedic Period Social Structure
Divided into four social classes (Varnas) Each Varna plays a role Brahmins- priests and teachers Kshatiyas-warriors and rulers Vaisyas-traders, herders, farmers Sudras-servants

14 The Vedic Period Social Structure
Four Varnas become hundreds of castes Determined by job Who you could marry Some castes had more privileges Untouchables were outside of the caste

15 The Vedic Period Vedic Religion Vedas-mostly hymns and prayers
Describe how people worshipped Sacrifices Priests claimed that religious rituals were needed to maintain the universe

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