Presentation on theme: "C ONDITIONALS I, II. IF C LAUSES ( THE CONDITION ) Examples: … I will see a movie. …. he would work as a guide in China. … they would win the race. T."— Presentation transcript:
IF C LAUSES ( THE CONDITION ) Examples: … I will see a movie. …. he would work as a guide in China. … they would win the race. T HE OTHER C LAUSES - THE RESULTS IF clauses present THE CONDITIONS. ( Si…..) Examples: If I go into town tomorrow… If he spoke Chinese… If they were faster…
R EMEMBER : The four words that NEVER (well, almost never) appear in the IF clause are: will, won’t, would, wouldn’t Example: If we will see it, we will be angry.
C ONDITIONAL I ( PRESENT / FUTURE – POSSIBLE ) When something is possible now or in the future Form Form: If present simple + present simple If (present) then will+ infinitive Examples Examples: If she studies, she will pass the geography test. (It is possible !!) If you heat water to 100 degrees, it boils.
If Clare ________ late again, the hockey trainer will be furious. (to arrive) You'll be sorry if you ___________________ for your exams. (to revise) We ___________________ if the weather's good. (to go) They _____________ you if you wear a wig and dark glasses. (to recognize) If the bus ________________ on time, I won't miss the football. (to be) If you ____________ your homework now, you'll be free all tomorrow. (to do) We___________________ out if there's no food at home. (to eat) You'll find life much easier if you ____________ more often. (to smile) If it's hot, we___________________ for a swim. (to go) You'll do it better if you ___________________ more time over it. (to take) If she ___________________ practicing, she'll get better. (to keep) I___________________ so happy if I pass the exam. (to be) You'll be really tired tomorrow if you ___________________ to bed soon. (to go) EXERCISES
C ONDITIONAL I I ( PRESENT / FUTURE – POSSIBLE ) NOT When something is NOT possible now or in the future Form Form: If past + would infinitive verb Examples Examples: If he spoke Chinese, he would work as a guide in China. (Fact: He doesn’t speak Chinese, so it’s impossible.) If I were rich, I'd buy a big house.
S PECIAL R ULES FOR C ONDITIONAL II “ To be ” is always “ were ” Example: If he were here, he would do it. (Fact: He’s not here, so it’s impossible. AFFIRMATIVENEGATIVEINTERROGATIVE I Would+ play I Would not+ playWould I play? You Would+play You Would not+ playWould you play? He Would+ play He Would not+ playWould he play? She Would+ play She Would not+playWould she play? It Would+ play It Would not+ playWould it play? We Would+ play We Would not+ playWould we play? You Would+ play You Would not+ playWould you play? They Would+ play They Would not+ playWould they play?
EXERCISES If Joe……….. (be) here, he …………(catch) some fish for supper. 2. It …………(be) nice if the rain………… (stop)! 3. I ………….(sing) you a song if I ……..(have) my guitar. 4. If I …………(have) a better sleeping bag, I………. (not feel) so cold. 5. If this tent….. (be) any smaller, one of us..(have to sleep) outside! 6. I…….. (look) out for bears if I ……..(be) you! 7. If I ………(not be) so hungry, I (share)…… my beans with you.