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Economic and Social Data Service Social Science Data Archives: creating, depositing and using data Plymouth University 22 October 2004 Louise Corti © Copyright.

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Presentation on theme: "Economic and Social Data Service Social Science Data Archives: creating, depositing and using data Plymouth University 22 October 2004 Louise Corti © Copyright."— Presentation transcript:

1 Economic and Social Data Service Social Science Data Archives: creating, depositing and using data Plymouth University 22 October 2004 Louise Corti © Copyright 2004 Universities of Essex and Manchester. All rights reserved

2 What is the ESDS? national data archiving and dissemination service, running from 1 Jan. 2003 jointly supported by: –Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) –Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) initial five year funding commitment Partners: –UK Data Archive (UKDA), Essex –Manchester Information and Associated Services (MIMAS), Manchester –Cathie Marsh Centre for Census and Survey Research (CCSR), Manchester –Institute of Social and Economic Research (ISER), Essex

3 ESDS Overview provides access and support for key economic and social data distributed service, bringing together centres of expertise in data creation, dissemination, preservation and use provides seamless and easier access to a range of disparate resources for UK Higher and Further Education sectors core archiving services plus four specialist data services

4 Sources of data Data for research and teaching purposes and used in all sectors and for many different disciplines official agencies - mainly central government international statistical time series individual academics - research grants market research agencies public records/historical sources links to UK census data qualitative and quantitative access to international data via links with other data archives worldwide

5 Collection held at UKDA 4,000+ datasets in the collection 200+ new datasets are added each year 6,500+ orders for data per year 18,000+ datasets distributed worldwide per year history data service in-house (AHDS)



8 ESDS Core Services ESDS Management –central 'first stop' help desk service –coherent and flexible collections development policy –central registration service operating across the ESDS –universal data portal ESDS Access and Preservation –collections development strategy –ingest activities - including data and documentation processing –metadata creation –data dissemination services –long-term preservation

9 Specialist data services ESDS Government ESDS International ESDS Longitudinal ESDS Qualidata provide: dedicated web sites data and documentation enhancements user support training

10 ESDS: Online access to data and user guides web pages –easy to navigate format –web catalogue with variable level searching –subject browsing and major series –free web access to online doc - pdf user guides and forms registration –one-off registration with userid/password –online account management and Shopping Basket ordering –data are freely available for the majority of users –Athens authentication coming data download and online browsing –web download in various software formats - SPSS, STATA, tab-delimited, word –Nesstar – online data analysis and visualisation –ESDS International online system –ESDS Qualidata online browsing system


12 The large-scale government surveys General Household Survey Labour Force Survey Health Survey for England/Wales/Scotland Family Expenditure Survey British Crime Survey Family Resources Survey National Food Survey/Expenditure and Food Survey ONS Omnibus Survey Survey of English Housing British Social Attitudes National Travel Survey Time Use Survey

13 Benefits of the large-scale government datasets good quality data –produced by experienced research organisations –usually nationally representative with large samples –good response rates –very well documented continuous data –allows comparison over time –data is largely cross-sectional hierarchical data –individual and household –intra-household differences –household effects on individuals

14 Percentage of women aged 18-49 cohabiting General Household Survey

15 Nesstar software browse detailed information (metadata) about these data sources, including links to other sources do simple data analysis and visualisation on microdata bookmark analyses download the appropriate subset of data in one of a number of formats (e.g. SPSS, Excel)





20 What are longitudinal data? longitudinal surveys involve repeated surveys of the same individuals at different points in time they have become increasingly important in the social sciences because they allow researchers to analyse change at the individual level there are various different types of longitudinal studies including panel and cohort studies users of longitudinal data will normally want to combine data collected at different times - data are more complex to use than other types of survey data ESDS Longitudinal provides additional value-added services to minimise these complexities

21 Longitudinal Data four main studies, that are primarily UK Research Council: –British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) –British Birth Cohort studies: National Child Development Survey (NCDS) British Cohort Study 1970 (BCS70) Millennium Cohort Study (MCS) –also possible forthcoming Medical Research Council population study datasets – 1946 Birth Cohort

22 British Birth Cohort Studies National Child Development Study (NCDS) cohort born in a single week in 1958 data collected at birth & ages 7, 11, 16, 23, 33, 42 a unique resource for investigating social mobility and the impact on later life of childhood conditions coverage includes a wide range of social, economic, health and psychological issues


24 Types of qualitative data diverse data types: in-depth interviews; semi- structured interviews; focus groups; oral histories; mixed methods data; open-ended survey questions; case notes/records of meetings; diaries/research diaries multimedia: audio, video, photos and text (most common is interview transcriptions) formats: digital, paper, analogue audio-visual data structures - differ across different document types

25 Classic datasets Peter Townsend – poverty, old age and Katherine Buildings Paul Thompson – oral history and Edwardians Ray Pahl – Hertfordshire Villages studies National Social Policy and Social Change Archive

26 Qualitative Data Collections data from National Research Council (ESRC) individual research grant awards data from ESRC Programme research grant awards data from classic social science studies other funders/sources focus on DIGITAL Collections, but also facilitate paper-based archiving

27 Qualidata Online Creation of digital multimedia resources that integrate a wealth of existing primary and secondary materials: catalogues of interview summaries full electronic interview transcripts thematic browsing of interview transcripts collections of digital sound clips a set of contextual images background information and press reviews on the original study details of publications based upon secondary studies of the collection an account of the digitisation methodology


29 International data themes Databanks cover: economic performance and development trade, industry and markets employment demography, migration and health governance human development social expenditure education science and technology land use and the environment

30 International data providers The databanks originate from: –International Monetary Fund –OECD –United Nations –World Bank –Eurostat –International Labour Organisation –UK Office for National Statistics freely available to UK academics – data licensing costs are paid by ESRC datasets delivered over the web via Beyond 20/20 access using Athens username and password

31 IMF databanks International Finance Statistics Government Finance Statistics Balance of Payments Statistics Direction of Trade The four major databanks produced by the IMF contain data on national accounts, trade, the balance of payments and government spending for around 190 countries. Collectively, they provide a global picture of economic development and international trade over the last 50 years. Updated Monthly!



34 Fertility Rates in Europe

35 International Survey Data ESDS International at the UK Data Archive (UKDA) can help users to locate and acquire data from other archives within Europe and worldwide, using a series of reciprocal agreements with the individual institutions. Datasets include: Eurobarometer International Social Survey Programme World Values Survey


37 Census Registration Service The Census Registration Service provides one- stop registration for: Census Dissemination Unit from MIMAS (University of Manchester) Census Geography Data Unit (UKBORDERS) from EDINA (University of Edinburgh) Census Interaction Data Service (Universities of Leeds and St Andrews) Samples of Anonymised Records from the Cathie Marsh Centre for Census and Survey Research (University of Manchester)

38 AHDS History AHDS History is one of the five Subject Centres of the Arts and Humanities Data Service. AHDS History collects, preserves, and promotes the use of digital resources, which result from or support historical research, learning and teaching.

39 AHDS History collection particularly strong in 19th and 20th century economic and social history census data (1881 100% sample; 1851 2% sample; lots of local census returns) Great Britain Historical Database online taxation materials large scale datasets of Welsh and Irish historical statistics electoral data (poll books for local areas) criminal court records (e.g. a collection of datasets on violent crimes 1600-1900) agricultural statistics (prices, output) surveys of Scottish witchcraft state finance data economic indicators/industrial production data

40 Secondary analysis potential description comparative research, restudy or follow-up study augment data you collect e.g. expand sample size re-analysis or secondary analysis research design and methodological advancement verification teaching and learning

41 ESDS: Facilitating greater usage encourage: –researchers to consult existing data sources –use of real data in teaching and learning make obtaining data more straightforward promotion… exploit existing and new networks provide online resources provide support and training

42 Supporting the user courses and training specialist support, including help desk, mailing list, discussion lists & newsletters web-based user guides to the datasets teaching datasets, online samplers online workbooks, exemplars and FAQs web-based visualisation interface

43 Workshops and training programme service specific and joint workshops awareness days for new users thematic data resources events data confrontation: specific datasets; data handling skills; methodological issues; analytic skills - introductory and advanced level train the trainers workshops online training materials

44 Teaching materials Tailor-made datasets Guides to using data in teaching Guides to using software and exemplars



47 X4L project: Survey Data in Teaching: enhancing critical thinking and data numeracy increase the use of real data sources held within the JISC portfolio of HE/FE research, T & L resources in the classroom improve the data literacy of GCE A level and university students to: –enable a better understanding of the use of social science data as applied to real-life problems –enhance skills in manipulating numerical data in textbooks, newspapers or reports –become critical consumers of this data uses the study of crime in society to show how existing data sources can be utilised, and as such, this project is relevant to a range of social science disciplines: –sociology, politics, psychology and media studies & citizenship studies resources can be used for A level syllabi but are also highly applicable for undergraduate and postgraduate learning NEED EVALUATORS!

48 Contact ESDS FAQ:

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