Presentation on theme: "LESSON OBJECTIVES/ GOALS/ SWBAT"— Presentation transcript:
1 LESSON OBJECTIVES/ GOALS/ SWBAT STANDARD(S): Students analyze the significant events in the founding of the nation.LESSON OBJECTIVES/ GOALS/ SWBATExplain how Theodore Roosevelt’s foreign policy promoted American power around the world.Describe how Woodrow Wilson’s missionary diplomacy ensured U.S. dominance in Latin America.
2 A BULLDOG ALWAYSCommitmentAttitudeCARESRespectEncouragementSafety
3 America as a World Power Section 4America as a World PowerThe Russo-Japanese War, the Panama Canal, and the Mexican Revolution add to America’s military and economic power.NEXT
4 America as a World Power 4SECTIONAmerica as a World PowerTeddy Roosevelt and the WorldRoosevelt the PeacemakerRoosevelt does not want Europeans to control world economy, politics1904, Japan, Russia dispute control of KoreaRoosevelt negotiates Treaty of Portsmouth:- Japan gets Manchuria, Korea- Roosevelt wins Nobel Peace PrizeU.S., Japan continue diplomatic talks- pledge to respect each other’s possessionsContinued . . .NEXT
5 SECTION 4: AMERICA AS A WORLD POWER Two events signaled America’s continued climb toward being the #1 world power1) Roosevelt negotiated a settlement between Russia and Japan who had been at War – his successful efforts in negotiating the Treaty of Portsmouth won Roosevelt the 1906 Nobel Peace Prize2) Construction of Panama CanalThe Nobel Peace Prize is awarded annually
7 Guided Reading: Roosevelt’s “Big Stick” Diplomacy American Action TakenConsequences of that actionTreaty of Portsmouth is negotiated.The Russo-Japanese War ended;the Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Roosevelt;American prestige increased
8 Chapter 10 Section 4A – What effect results of Roosevelt’s negotiations with the Japanese and Russians?Japan received half of Sakhalin Island but no cash payment.Russia agreed to let Japan take over Russian Interest in Manchuria and Korea.In future years, the two nations continued diplomatic talks.Roosevelt won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1906.
9 4SECTIONcontinued Teddy Roosevelt and the WorldPanama CanalU.S. wants canal to cut travel time of commercial, military shipsU.S. buys French company’s route through PanamaNegotiates with Colombia to build Panama Canal; talks break downFrench company agent helps organize Panamanian rebellion- U.S. gives military aidU.S., Panama sign treaty; U.S. pays $10 million for Canal ZoneContinued . . .NEXT
13 Guided Reading: Roosevelt’s “Big Stick” Diplomacy American Action TakenConsequences of that actionUS warships are used to ensure Panama’s independence.Rights to build the canal, to control the canal zone, and to intervene in Panama gained by the US;US-Latin American relations severely damaged
14 THE PANAMA CANALBy the early 20th century, many Americans understood the advantages of a canal through PanamaIt would greatly reduce travel times for commercial and military ships by providing a short cut between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans“The shortcut”
15 Constructing the Canal 4SECTIONcontinued Teddy Roosevelt and the WorldConstructing the CanalConstruction of canal is one of world’s greatest engineering feats- fight diseases, geographic obstacles- at height, 43,400 workers employedContinued . . .NEXT
16 BUILDING THE PANAMA CANAL 1904-1914 The French had already unsuccessfully attempted to build a canal through PanamaAmerica first had to help Panama win their independence from Colombia – which it didConstruction of the Canal stands as one of the greatest engineering feats of all-timeCost- $380 million Workers– Over 40,000 (5,600 died) Time – Construction took 10 years
18 This view, provided by NASA, shows the thin blue line (canal) cutting across the middle of Panama
19 Almost 1,000,000 ships have passed through the canal, which became sole property of Panama in the year 2000
20 Chapter 10 Section 4B – What problems did canal workers encounter in constructing the canal?Builders fought disease and the difficult removal of soft volcanic soil.They also had to clear brush and drain swamps.
22 Guided Reading: Roosevelt’s “Big Stick” Diplomacy American Action TakenConsequences of that actionPanama Canal is built.Travel time between Atlantic and Pacific reduced;American prestige increased;US-Latin American relations severely damaged
23 The Roosevelt Corollary 4SECTIONcontinued Teddy Roosevelt and the WorldThe Roosevelt Corollary• Roosevelt fears European intervention if Latin America defaults• Reminds Europeans of Monroe Doctrine, demands they stay out• Roosevelt Corollary—U.S. to use force to protect economic interestsNEXT
26 4SECTIONcontinued Teddy Roosevelt and the WorldDollar Diplomacy• Early 1900s, U.S. exercises police power on several occasions• Dollar diplomacy—U.S. guarantees foreign loans by U.S. business – TAFTNEXT
28 Guided Reading: Roosevelt’s “Big Stick” Diplomacy American Action TakenConsequences of that actionRoosevelt Corollary is adopted.US adoption of Dollar Diplomacy;US military intervene in Latin America, especially in Nicaragua
30 Woodrow Wilson’s Missionary Diplomacy 4SECTIONWoodrow Wilson’s Missionary DiplomacyThe Mexican Revolution• Missionary diplomacy—U.S. has moral responsibility:- will not recognize regimes that are oppressive, undemocratic• Under dictator Porfirio Díaz, much U.S. investment in Mexico• 1911, peasants, workers led by Francisco Madero overthrow Díaz• General Victoriano Huerta takes over government; Madero is murdered• Wilson refuses to recognize Huerta’s governmentContinued . . .NEXT
31 Chapter 10 Section 4C – Why did President Wilson refuse to recognize Huerta’s government?Wilson was following his policy of missionary diplomacy.He considered Huerta a murderer because he had ordered rebel leader Francisco Madero executed.
32 Intervention in Mexico 4SECTIONcontinued Woodrow Wilson’s Missionary DiplomacyIntervention in MexicoHuerta’s officers arrest U.S. sailors, quickly release themWilson orders Marines to occupy VeracruzArgentina, Brazil, Chile mediate to avoid warHuerta regime falls; nationalist Venustiano Carranza new presidentContinued . . .NEXT
34 4SECTIONcontinued Woodrow Wilson’s Missionary DiplomacyRebellion in Mexico• Francisco “Pancho” Villa, Emiliano Zapata oppose Carranza- Zapata wants land reform- Villa a fierce nationalist• Wilson recognizes Carranza’s government; Villa threatens reprisals- Villa’s men kill AmericansContinued . . .NEXT
37 Guided Reading: Wilson’s “Missionary” Diplomacy American Action Taken Consequences of that actionWilson uses a minor incident with Mexico as an excuse to occupy Veracruz.Deaths of at least 200 Mexicans;US and Mexico brought to the brink of war
38 Chapter 10 Section 4 Guided Reading: Wilson’s “Missionary” DiplomacyAmerican Action TakenWilson recognizes the Carranza government.Consequences of that actionUS comes into conflict with Pancho Villa
39 4SECTIONcontinued Woodrow Wilson’s Missionary DiplomacyChasing Villa• Brig. Gen. John J. Pershing leads force to capture Villa• Carranza demands withdrawal of U.S. troops; Wilson at first refuses• U.S. faces war in Europe, wants peace on southern border- Wilson orders Pershing home• Mexico adopts new constitution:- government controls oil, minerals- restricts foreign investors• 1920, Alvaro Obregón new president; ends civil war, starts reformsNEXT
42 Guided Reading: Wilson’s “Missionary” Diplomacy American Action Taken Consequences of that actionWilson refuses Carranza’s demand to withdraw US troops sent into Mexico to capture Villa.Anti-American feeling in Mexico intensified;Mexico nationalized oil and mineral resources,adopts strict regulations on foreign investors