Presentation on theme: "“Born to fail-the perfect storm”"— Presentation transcript:
1 “Born to fail-the perfect storm” “David’s Story”“Born to fail-the perfect storm”John Carnochan QPMDetective Chief SuperintendentViolence Reduction UnitGOOD AFTERNOONIT MIGHT SEEM STRANGE FOR THE POLICE TO BE TALKING ABOUT PUBLIC HEALTH…I’M GOING TOO SHOW A PIECE OF CCTV WHICH WILL EVIDENCE WHAT HAPPENS BEFORE SOME OF YOUR PATIENTS ARRIVE AT YOUR DOOR.I HOPE WILL DEMONSTRATE WHY WE IN SCOTLAND ARE TRYING TO THINK ABOUT THE GENERATIONAL CHANGE THAT WE NEED.
2 “Truth springs from argument amongst friends” David Hume
3 Improving Scottish Education HMIE 2006 “However, we must also recognise that many of the factors associated with poor performance lie outside the centre, school or college attended. The need for establishments and teachers to work effectively with parents and carers and with all those services which support young people and their families remains vital. Traditions, structures and even values present real challenges to joint working…..”Improving Scottish Education HMIE 2006
4 The “How” Identify risk / protective factors Research why it occursSurveillanceSystematic data collectionDevelop and evaluate interventionsFind out what works.ImplementScale up and evaluate effective programmes
5 Understand Causes of Violence Two components to Violence:The propensity to be violent - personal factorsThe triggers of violence - social factors The Wave Report “Violence and what to do about it”
6 What do Employers Want?Percentage of Employers reporting an employee skill gap.Future Skills Bar Chart. See Future Skills Scotland Website, Employer Survey 2004, p27, fig 15.
7 Rates of Return to Human Capital Higher EducationSecondaryThis is where we currently invest our public funds – the evidence is overwhelming that there is a better way to invest. It is more effective and it is more economic.We need to help support parents do a very difficult job. It’s not about bad parents or poor parents. It is difficult in ideal circumstances and it becomes even more difficult when circumstances are not supportive. A violent or aggressive and bullying partner will inhibit Mum’s ability as a parent, alcohol, drugs, isolation, all make being a parent very difficult. They need support.PrimaryPreschool
8 Economics“A major determinant of successful schools is successful families. Schools work with what parents bring them. They operate more effectively if parents reinforce them by encouraging and motivating children”Professor James HeckmanChicago University
9 Public Health Model Lack of communication skills RelationshipSocietalCommunityIndividualLack of communication skillsPoor behavioural controlImpulsivenessAggressive behaviourLack of skills to deal with conflictLack of “life” skillsExclusion from Services/SchoolsNutrition Diet HealthAlcoholLack of employment opportunitiesParentingLack of knowledgeFriends that engage in violencePrevalence of gang cultureViolent families – siblings/parentsLack of significant adults/positive role modelLack of punishment for pre cursor offences – knife carryingLack of visible swift justiceLinks to deprivationScottishnessCultural normsLegitimisation of violenceAccess to and use of alcoholLack of aspirationDependancy
10 Glasgow East Population 60,000+ 27% residents are under the age of 20 Education49% above the national average for adults without qualifications14% below the Nat Ave for 5+ GCSE equivalents (s4)
11 Glasgow East Employment Workless households 122% above Nat Ave Number of income deprived people 114% above Nat AveChild and Mental HealthLow birth weight babies 62% above the Nat AveTeenage pregnancy (under 18) 42% above the Nat Ave
12 Glasgow East Life Expectancy Males 68.1, females 76 Males life expectancy drops as low as 61.9
14 Glasgow East Gangs 55 known gangs Approx 630 known gang members aged between 9 - early 20sWhite young men aged between 9-20s (peak membership 14-18)Highly Territorialised – obsessed with respectResistant to change
15 Thoughts It has to be about: WHAT is right not WHO is right WHAT is important not WHO is importantThe SHARED AGENDA