Presentation on theme: "UNIT I: Cultural Anthropology"— Presentation transcript:
1 UNIT I: Cultural Anthropology CultureCultural universals1. Social Organization, 2. Customs & Traditions, 3. Language, 4. Arts & Literature, 5. Religion, 6. Forms of Government, 7. Economic Systems, 8. TechnologyEthnocentrism Stereotype and Generalizations5 Themes of Geography Location, Place, Human-Environmental interactions, Movement, Regions
2 Why do people practice religion? Socio-economic SystemsCommunismSocialismCapitalismGovernment/Political Systems Direct Democracy, Democracy, Republic, Totalitarian Governments (Oligarchy, Constitutional Monarchy, Absolute Monarchy, Fascism, Dictatorship, Theocracy)ReligionWhat is Religion?Why do people practice religion?Monotheism vs. Polytheism vs. Pantheism (Animism)Major Religions of the world
3 Unit 1: Guiding Questions Maslow’s Hierarchy of NeedsWhy do people/countries do what they do, according to Maslow?CultureHow does my own ethnocentrism influence my interactions with other individuals and cultures?In a shrinking world (more globalized world) how do we interact with people who are different from us?What makes us who we are, both individually & as a society?How is culture shared?How do cultural differences affect interactions between cultures?
4 How does geography affect culture and cultural interactions? 5 Themes of GeographyHow does geography affect culture and cultural interactions?Is geography to blame for inequality/conflict in the worldGovernment & EconomicsWhat are the positive and negative effects of different government and economic systems?What makes an individual or community “buy into” a system?ReligionHow and why do religions spread?
5 Unit 1: Cultural Anthropology What is anthropology?Anthropos- Greek for Human-ology: Greek for __________.2. What do Anthropologists study?Unit 1: Cultural Anthropology
6 5 themes of Geography Location Where is it? Absolute location: degrees of latitude and longitude.Relative location: point of reference, e.g., near, far, a short drive.5 themes of Geography
7 5 themes of Geography 2 . Place What is it like? Physical Characteristics:landforms (mountains, plains, etc.)bodies of water (oceans, lakes, bay, etc.)ecosystems (soil, plants, animals, and climate)Human Characteristics –Bridges, dams, canalsroadsbuildingsculturelanguageAll places have features that distinguish them from other places.5 themes of Geography
8 5 themes of Geography 3. Human/Environment Interaction How do people interact with and change their environment?Dams, canals, fields, tunnels, pollution,How does the environment affect human life? (Activities, culture, food, disasters)5 themes of Geography
9 5 themes of Geography 4. Movement How are people and places linked by communication and the flow of people, ideas and goods?TransportationCommunicationTradePatterns of movement such as migration linkages and connections5 themes of Geography
10 5 themes of Geography 5. Regions What are their unifying features and how do theyform and change over time?Regions are a basic unit for geographic study.Geographers divide the world into regions to help them interpret events.Regions can be defined on the basis of: physical and human characteristics.For example: The Pacific Northwest, The Midwest, the Middle East, Eastern Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa5 themes of Geography
15 Step 4: Think as fast as you can. Step 5: There are no boundaries. Come up with an explosion of ideas. Translate them into words, symbols, or pictures.Step 5: There are no boundaries.Think outside the box. Anything goes.Step 6: Don’t just too fast.Unrelated issues might be relevant later on. Think like you are brainstorming so you don’t get stuck on a word.