Presentation on theme: "Types of Phrases There are numerous types of phrases."— Presentation transcript:
1 Types of Phrases There are numerous types of phrases. Type is determined by how the group of words is used in the sentence.There are three major types of phrases:Prepositional PhraseVerbal PhraseAppositive Phrase
2 Verbal PhraseVerbal - a verb used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb.There are three types of verbalParticipleGerundInfinitive
3 VerbalParticipal - a verb form that can be used as an adjective (present participle ends in -ing; past participle ends in -ed or -d; present perfect starts with having)Gerund - a verb form ending in -ing that is used as a nounInfinitive - a verb form that can be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb (most infinitives begin with to)
4 Verbal ExamplesParticiple - freezing rain; an engraved trophy; having completed his choresGerund - photographing animals requires patience.Infinitive - To leave now would be rude.
5 Participial PhraseParticipial Phrase - consists of a participle and its modifiers and complements. The entire phrase is used as an adjective.Grinning broadly, she accepted the award.modifies “she”Puzzled by their behavior, I asked for an explanation.
6 Absolute PhraseAbsolute Phrase - consists of (1) a participial phrase, (2) a noun or pronoun that the participial phrase modifies, and (3) any other modifiers of that noun or pronoun. The entire word group is used as an adverb to modify a clause in a sentence. It has no grammatical connection to any word in the independent clause.
7 Absolute PhraseTheir car having been repaired, the Smiths continued their road trip.Chris said that, the weather being so fine, he would prefer to go for a hike.Wearily, the explorer trudged onward through the snow, his loyal Alaskan malamute keeping pace at his side.
8 Gerund PhraseGerund Phrase - consists of a gerund and its modifiers and compliments. The entire phrase is used as a noun.Managing the restaurant efficiently required dedication.My cousin enjoys working as a lifeguard.
9 Infinitive PhraseInfinitive Phrase - consists of an infinitive and its modifiers and complements. The entire phrase can be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb.To get a medical degree is her goal.They promised to return soon.We have time to walk to the concert.