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Selecting a President: The Presidential Nomination and Election Process.

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Presentation on theme: "Selecting a President: The Presidential Nomination and Election Process."— Presentation transcript:

1 Selecting a President: The Presidential Nomination and Election Process

2  Stage 1: ______________________ The Battle for the Party Faithful  Stage 2: ______________________ “Glorified Infomercials?”  Stage 3: ______________________ The Fight for the Center  Stage 4: _______________________ Power to the People? Presidential Selection

3 Announcing candidacy & organizing Candidates officially enter the “race” to the Presidency Campaign is organized for upcoming events: –Network of workers/volunteers (phone calls, publicity, planners, etc.) –Accounts created for future fundraising

4 Pre-primary fundraising, campaigning, and debating Candidates begin __________________ for the upcoming spring primary/caucus season Campaigning for the party primary/caucus is in full swing during this time _____________ will be held between the main contenders

5 Stage 1: Caucuses  _________________________in each state  Delegates select the party’s choice for presidential candidate  Currently used in only six states Barrack Obama campaigns in Iowa

6 Stage 1: Caucuses Hilary Clinton (D) and Rudy Guilliani (R) campaigning in Iowa The Iowa Caucus is the first primary/caucus and last year was held on January 3, 2008. Considering Iowa is a relatively small state, why are the Iowa caucuses so important??


8 Stage 1: Primaries  Primary Season - January - June  Who Decides? - State party organizations for the most part decide the rules for the primaries in a particular state.  Types of Primaries: Closed Primaries Open Primaries Presidential Primary Elections - special elections in which voters select candidates to be the ________ ______________________ in the general election. Mitt Romney campaigning in New Hampshire

9 Closed Primary Voters may vote in a party's primary only if they are ______________________________

10 Open Primary A registered voter may vote in any party primary regardless of his or her own ___________ ____________.

11 Methods of Selecting Presidential Delegates by State Which is most popular? Why??

12 2008 Open & Closed Primaries Virginia has a “modified open primary”

13 Iowa Caucus First major electoral event in the election process. Candidates campaign in Iowa months before the caucus –Ads, paid staffers, and publicity is centered around the many precincts in Iowa The winner of the Iowa caucus has served as an indication of the person who will win _____________________ Nationaljournal.c om

14 New Hampshire Primary First primary of election year Focused upon by candidates –Media attention –Early success in contests / must perform well to continue in race

15 Importance of Early Caucuses and Primaries These states are small but play a big role They do not decide who _________ _____for each party They decide who ________________. They significantly narrow the field of candidates Iowa New Hampshire Nevada South Carolina

16 SUPER TUESDAY In 2008, states realized that the __________ _______, the _______ ______________in who gets nominated. Both the Democrat and Republican Parties set the earliest date for which a state can have its primary. Many states had their primaries on this date

17 SUPER TUESDAY This became known as ____________ ________________. Most experts predicted that this date would decide the _____________. This was not the case –2008: Hilary vs. Obama –2012: Romney vs. Santorum

18 Stage 2: Presidential Nominating Conventions Barack and Michelle Obama at the 2004 Democratic National Convention

19 Nominating Conventions An assembly held by _____ ____________ every four years Usually held in late summer before the general election in November George W. and Laura Bush at the 2000 Republican Convention

20 Purposes of Nominating Conventions 1980 Republican National Convention in Detroit, Michigan 1.At the convention the party adopts a _______ to unify support behind _________________. 2.________ to the convention elect that party’s nominees for President and Vice-president.

21 What is a Party Platform? __________ - a statement of principles and objectives a political party and a candidate support ___________ - Individual topics in a party ’ s platform (ex: abortion, war in Iraq)

22 Who are Delegates? ________- A voting representative to the party nominating convention

23 Delegate Selection ____________  Primary system used by the Democratic Party  Candidates get a % of delegates based on the popular vote____________  System used in most Republican primaries  The winner of the popular vote in that state receives all that state ’ s delegates  Similar to electoral college

24 Democratic Party Rules: Two Types of Delegates Pledged Delegates v. Superdelegates

25 ___________________ Pledged delegates count during the 2008 Democratic primaries  Pledged delegates are required to vote at the convention based on the popular vote in their state  (they have to listen to the people)

26  Members of the Democratic Party establishment who serve as unpledged (??) delegates at the party convention  They are free to vote for any candidate at the convention (don ’ t have to listen to the popular vote in their state) _____________

27 Superdelegates By John Trever, The Albuquerque Journal 03/30/2008

28 Convention Speeches: ___________________  The speech given at the convention that embodies that party ’ s core message  _____________________ – can propel a politicians career  Do you know who gave the 2004 Keynote Address at the Democratic Convention???

29 Current President, (Then a Senator) Barrack Obama gives the 2004 DNC Keynote Address

30 The Acceptance Address  Given at the final day of the convention - winning candidate ________________the party ’ s nomination for president  Huge media event - Acceptance Address is always televised by the major networks 1960 presidential candidates John F. Kennedy and Richard M. Nixon deliver their Acceptance Addresses at their party’s national convention

31 Critics say that party nominating conventions have become nothing more than infomercials. 1992 Democratic National Convention in New York City What do you think?

32 Stage 3: General Election Candidates ACTIVELY campaign by… (Basically do ANYTHING that they think will get them more voters)

33 Raise money In the 2008 campaign, Barack Obama raised over $600 million dollars – more than any other candidate ever—most of it through small, single online donations

34 Run ads (TV, radio, mail, internet etc)

35 Participate in Debates

36 Hold rallies and give speeches

37 Fall Campaign After convention to Election Day Candidates travel from state to state (speaking, rallies fundraising, etc.) Focus on _________ _____________(state s that are contested) Run TV ads to increase name recognition, spread ideas, “mud-sling” Debates held against opponent (media attention, show “likeability”, appear presidential, etc.)

38 Campaign Finance ________________(2002) sought to limit campaign corruption by limiting the amount of money that could be donated by individuals and organizations. _________________(2010) struck down key limitations in McCain-Feingold allowing corporations and organizations to spend and donate unlimited money.

39 Campaign Finance At the beginning of the 2012 election season, many experts estimated that a candidate would need to raise $1 billion in order to run a successful campaign for the presidency. So far: Romney: $771.7 million Obama: $834.7 million

40  Stage 4: Electoral College  We’ll talk about it in more detail

41 General Election Held on the Tuesday after the first Monday in November –November 2-8 Eligible citizens of the U.S. cast votes for the candidate of their choice for President. Popular vote winner in each state helps determine the electors who will cast the official vote in the Electoral College

42 Electoral College December – After General Election Distributes votes to states based upon # of senators & representatives State’s popular vote winner earns all Electoral votes of state Must earn majority (270) of Electoral votes to win election Map: 2012 distribution Used originally to “check” voters (uneducated & uniformed) Delegates awarded by Winner-take-all system that favors a Two-Party system

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