Presentation on theme: "Geothermal Energy – energy from the Earth"— Presentation transcript:
1 Geothermal Energy – energy from the Earth Deep underground, the Earth’s rocks are naturally very hot. We can turn their heat energy into electrical energy to use in our homes – we call this ‘geothermal energy’.Cold water is pumped below the ground.Hot rocks heat the water, turning it into steam.The steam is used to generate electricity.RenewableNo pollution, because nothing gets burnedDoesn’t damage the environmentVery few places in the world where you can do thisCosts a lot of money to drill deep into the ground
2 Wave Energy – energy from sea waves The sea’s waves have kinetic energy. Using machines that bob up and down in the waves, this energy can be turned into electrical energy which we can use in our homes.wave energy machines bobbing up and down in the wavesNeed lots of machines to get a reasonable amount of energyThe machines costs a lot of moneyThe machines can look uglyThe machines can be damaged by stormsRenewableNo pollution, because nothing gets burned
3 Hydroelectric Energy – energy from rivers The water flowing in a river has kinetic energy. We can turn this into electrical energy to use in our homes. We usually need to build a dam, and let the water flow through it gradually.RenewableNo pollution, because nothing gets burnedWe can store the water up high, and then whenever we need the energy we can let the water outCosts a lot of money to build a damThe dam can ruin the local environment, because it changes where the water naturally flows. Some animals and plants may die.
4 Tidal Energy – energy from sea tides If you’ve ever been to the coast, you may have noticed that the sea level goes up and down, because of tides. When the tide is high, the water has lots of gravitational potential energy, which we can turn into electrical energy to use in our homes.At high tide, we trap the water behind a dam.At low tide, the water is released, and its energy is used to generate electricity.RenewableNo pollution, because nothing gets burnedReliable, because there are always two tides every dayCheap to run, once it’s builtCosts a lot to build the damThe dam may cause local flooding
5 Solar Energy – energy from the Sun The Earth gets heat and light energy from the sun all the time. Can we use it – yes we can! The Sun’s energy can either be:changed into electrical energy to use in homes, using solar cells;or used to heat water for homes, using solar panels.RenewableNo pollution, because nothing gets burnedSolar cells and solar panels are expensiveOnly works if it’s sunny!
6 Wind Energy – energy from the wind Using wind turbines, we can turn the kinetic energy of the wind into electrical energy which we can use in our homes. This is ‘wind energy’.Wind energy moves wind turbines.The moving turbines cause the movement needed in a generator to produce electricity.RenewableNo pollution, because nothing gets burnedTurbines are quite cheap and easy to build, so they can be used even in poor countriesTurbines can be ugly and noisyOnly works if it’s quite windy! If the wind stops, you get no energy.
7 Biomass Energy – energy from plants The chemical potential energy stored in things that were once alive (e.g. trees) can be turned into heat energy by burning them. (We can also turn it into electrical energy to use in our homes.)Trees absorb the sun’s energy. The trees change this energy into chemical energy, which they store inside themselves.When we burn wood, we turn this energy into heat, which is useful for cooking and heating.Renewable – as long as we keep planting trees to replace the ones we cut downDoesn’t need any special equipment, so it can be used very easily, even in poor countriesDoesn’t add to the greenhouse effectLarge areas of land are needed to grow enough trees
8 Nuclear Energy – energy from Uranium The chemical potential energy stored in the metal Uranium, which is found in the ground, is used to provide heat energy inside a nuclear reactor. This heat energy is then turned into electrical energy so that we can use it in our homes.Heat generated from nuclear fission (when an atom splits in two) heats up water to produce steamThe steam turns turbines and gives the movement a generator needs to produce electricity.RenewableProduces huge amounts of energy from small amounts of fuelDoesn’t add to the greenhouse effectCan be very dangerous – a nuclear accident could be a major disasterPower stations are big and ugly and expensive to build
9 Fossil Fuels – Coal, oil and natural gas The fossil fuels are coal, oil and natural gas. They are fuels because they release heat energy when they are burned. They are fossil fuels because they were formed from the remains of living organisms millions of years ago.About three-quarters of the electricity generated in the UK comes from power stations fuelled by fossil fuels. To the right is an energy transfer diagram for the generation of electricity from a fossil fuel such as coal.Heat generated from burning the fossil fuels heats up water to produce steamThe steam turns turbines and gives the movement a generator needs to produce electricity.At present, generating electricity using fossil fuels is cheaper than using renewable resources.Electricity from power stations is available all the time.Releases carbon dioxide which contributes to climate change and Sulphur Dixoide (acid rain)Extracting and transporting fossil fuels causes pollution and can change landscapes.