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Lessons to be Learned Rosemary Chesson The Robert Gordon University.

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Presentation on theme: "Lessons to be Learned Rosemary Chesson The Robert Gordon University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lessons to be Learned Rosemary Chesson The Robert Gordon University

2 Findings Previous research (literature review) Participants Use of validated measures (NHP, HADS, SSQ) Functions of respite

3 Grey literature: difficult to access (time consuming) frequently qualitative methods. accounted for 1/3rd all references majority of items one-off evaluations Literature review

4 Problematic: information missing (data/info on respondents) low response rates copies of reports incomplete lobbying for services Grey Literature

5 majority of USA origin mainly focused on children with learning disabilities and older people with dementia carer perspective needs related few studies examining effects of respite/use of outcome measures Published literature

6 Not possible to do meta-analysis because of the great diversity in study design types of intervention, settings of intervention and variety of outcome measures McNally et al, 1999 Effectiveness of Respite

7 Overall lack of coherence 4 UK studies -lack of definition -different care groups -findings inconclusive Post McNally

8 Participants 20 men : 40 women 17 paired interviews 8 Frail older 5 Multiple Sclerosis 1 Mental health 3 Learning disabilities Age range 30-92 Interview Study

9 Participants GroupCarerCared for Total Frail, elderly 11 9 20 Multiple Sclerosis 5 11 16 Mental health 2 1 3 Learning disabilities 10 3 13 Chdn. complex needs 8 - 8 All 36 24 60

10 Hu cared for by wife Mo caring for son Partner caring for partner Hu carer to wife Mo caring for dau Both carers/both with Fa carer to son Mo cared for by dau disabilities Fa carer for dau Wfe carer to hu Frd help/care for frd (m) Fa cared for by dau Wfe cared for by hu Son cared for by father Dau cared for by mo Dau cares for mo Dau cares for fa Sr caring for bro Mo-in-law cared for by dau-in-law Dau-in-law cares for mo-in-law Caring Relationships

11 Nottingham Health Profile Completed by 24/29cared for 34/36carers Scores ranged from 2- 12 for carers 9-18 for cared for (max 38) Outcome measures

12 HADS Completed by 53 interviewees Differences between depression and anxiety scores 8 carers had scores indicative of moderate/severe levels of anxiety Outcome measures (cont)

13 SSQ Completed by 50 interviewees Aberdeen Strathclyde Lochaber Median (range) Median (range) Median (range) n=25 n=19 n=6 Cared (n=35)6 (3-18) 7 (2-13) 7.5 ( 4-16) Cared for (n-15)4 (2-11) 4 (3-8) 3.5 (3-4) Outcome measures (cont)

14 n=48 Residential care 18 Respite in own home13 Hospital respite12 Emergency respite 5 Family-based respite 3 Respite use

15 % None16 A little45 Didnt know10 28% indicated a great deal Knowledge of respite

16 knowledge appeared limited to own experience narrow range of services didnt know how to access services directly themselves not in touch with other respite users not members of carers/respite organisation confused regarding entitlements confused regarding definitions Knowledge of respite (cont)

17 Help around the house or something? Im not entirely sure. Mr. X I didnt know what it is called... somebody there said that was what they were there for - so I thought I must be here for it as well. Mrs. BB Definitions of respite

18 If my MS got worse from what I understand its just like an assisted living place isnt it?......... if you feel sick and cannot take care of yourself, then you need respite.... Mrs. F

19 Definitions of respite Well Ive never been down that avenue... I daresay the Carers Centre does respite in peoples homes, but they dont call it respite.... I cant remember what they call it. Carer DD

20 What are respite services? Well, day care I would say that is respite for me. I would say as the carer its respite for me. Also the community carer that mum gets, again is respite for me. Carer EE Well actually, I dont actually (See it as respite) because I dont see the personal assistant and I dont see Rs day centre as respite. I see it as a bonus. Carer Z

21 What is respite care? I would just like him to be settled in a nice place and then he can come back to us for respite, but he will have his home, his other home, to go to. Carer JJ

22 Respite provided different functions for different people give time for other fam mbs help cared for prepare for future help carer when tired/ill enable carer to cope in crisis

23 But as you get older your respite needs change totally. Youre not needing out for social activities or Rs social activities. Its physical health wise every way you need the respite. It changes over the years. Carer FF Changing needs

24 My husbands mother died quite suddenly last year and that was down in Glasgow. We were able to have emergency respite through (named service). They were super. It was super not to have to worry about (our young daughter). Carer I Different functions:

25 I think what shes got next week is classed as emergency respite because I was so upset and I was really scared that I would do her damage. I had to stop myself because I would have and I am scared if I was, I wouldnt know when to stop I dont want to do that and I dont want her to feel that shes not wanted because I do love her and I do want her, but I just want a wee bit of life to myself and its very difficult. Carer N Different functions:

26 So the respite element has taken over more of a kind of respite role compared to what our original intention which was the independence thing. But I think the way things are moving just now, and as we become less able to deal with A, as we would want is also due to physical reasons. I mean there used to be day when she was smaller, she would dump herself on the floor and I would lift her up. I couldnt attempt to do that now. Carer GG Changing needs

27 Carers expressed concerns about deteriorating health Yes, I had a kidney removed about six years ago. I had a terrible time with her then. I wasnt at all well and trying to cope with her. I look back now, I dont know how I survived. Carer QQ Changing needs

28 1. research evidence can not be used to justify provisions of respite services 2. outcome measure too blunt esp.: - diversity in caring relationships and situations - problems identifying respite care (diffs term.) 3. complexity of evaluating the effects of respite - large numbers of variables to control, and changing needs 4. problems isolating effects of respite from other service provision and family support systems Main implications

29 develop realistic research agenda caution regarding evidence-based agenda (policy makers/ managers) reconcile right to privacy/consent to research and need for research distinguish core respite from by-products of other services acknowledge every scenario may be different and change over time Issues

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