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Form and Function Stage 1 Lecture Contextual and Critical Studies Andrea Peach.

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1 Form and Function Stage 1 Lecture Contextual and Critical Studies Andrea Peach

2 Modernism Dominant ideology throughout western industrialised world in art, design and architecture for most of the twentieth century

3 How things used to look …

4 Adolf Loos 1928 Essay on Ornament and Crime: Evolution is synonymous with the removal of ornament from objects of everyday use

5 Adolf Loos 1901 Armoire - Vienna, Austria A plain piece of furniture is more beautiful than all the inlaid and carved museum pieces

6 Adolf Loos 1928 Steiner House - Vienna, Austria

7 Louis Sullivan 1896 It is the pervading law of all things organic and inorganic, of all things physical and metaphysical, of all things human and things superhuman… that form ever follows function, This is the law …

8 Form and Function Louis Sullivan 1896 Form and function are one … Guarantee Building, Buffalo New York, 1895

9 Modernism USE should determine the FORM of an object If an object is made to function well it will by definition be beautiful (also referred to as Functionalism)

10 Rules of Modernist Design Objects should be: simple, honest and direct Well adapted to their purpose No ornament

11 Rules of Modernist Design Standardised Machine-made Reasonably priced Expressive of their structure and materials

12 Marcel Breuer 1926 Nickel-plated steel and lacquered wood Nesting Tables Germany

13 Mies van der Rohe 1927 Chrome-plated tubular steel, oil cloth Cantilever Chair Germany

14 Howell Chromasteel USA 1946 Here is gay, sparkling furniture that brings new beauty and charm into your kitchen … its the kind that seems to stay new looking indefinitely

15 Greta von Nessen 1952 Aluminum and enameled metal Anywhere lamp Germany

16 Ocean - Bianco Table / Gamma Chairs - chromed tubular steel frame 2006 …

17 Modernism A term used to refer to the principle that nothing is included in a design that does not enhance the objects purpose

18 Marianne Brandt 1924 Tea infuser Germany, Bauhaus

19 Deutscher Werkbund 1929 Die Form = The Form

20 Die Wohnung Stuttgart 1927

21 Weissenhof Seidlung 1927 Mies van der Rohe Walter Gropius / Marcel Breuer

22 Giso lights 1928 Rotterdam The Netherlands

23 Machine Age 1920s Machines are replacing hand work; the spheres are smooth; the cylinders have the kind of precision only attainable in theory: without fuss, the machine produces surfaces which are faultless.

24 Machine Age 1920s Russian Constructivist printed textile

25 Marcel Breuer 1931 This metal furniture is intended to be nothing but a necessary apparatus for contemporary life

26 Le Corbusier 1929 Metal plays the same part in furniture as cement has done in architecture. It is a revolution.

27 John Gloag 1929 Metal is cold and brutally hard... It gives no comfort to the eye

28 Modern carpet designs may provide endless entertainment for your friends Heath Robinson 1936

29 De Staalstoelophoon 1934

30 Functionalism, Yes, But. The Titanic - Photomontage Stanley Tigerman, 1978, USA

31 Alessandro Mendini 1978 Redesign of Modern Movement Chairs Wassily by Breuer, Italy 1925

32 Functionalism, Yes... Mies van der Rohe Barcelona Chair 1929

33 Functionalism, Yes... 21st century 1929

34 Functionalist Design George Marcus Prestel 1995 Form Follows Function Susan Lambert V&A Museum 1993

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