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England and France Develop

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Presentation on theme: "England and France Develop"— Presentation transcript:

1 England and France Develop
England absorbs Waves of Invaders Early invasions from the Vikings Alfred the Great united Anglos into England Danish king, Edward, united Anglo-Saxons and Vikings William the Conqueror, duke of Normandy Williams rival, Harold Godwinson, Anglo Saxon throne Battle of Hastings William took control of England, established foundation of centralized government

2 England's Evolving Government
Hold and add French lands Strengthen noble powers on the church Henry II married Eleanor of Aquitaine and so acquired a large French territory

3 Juries and Common Law The Magna Carta Henry ruled from 1154 to 1189
Introduced juries into English courts Common law The Magna Carta Richard the Lion Hearted John Softsword, poor military leader Lost lands to Phillip Augustus of France Cruel to his people, alienated church, raised taxes Nobles revolted and forced him to sign the Magna Carta Basic legal rights

4 The Model Parliament Edward established parliament
Knights, burgesses, bishops, and lords met at Westminster in London Knights and burgesses formed the House of Commons and the nobles and bishops formed the House of Lords

5 Capetian Dynasty Rules France
Hugh Capet began the Dynasty Location of France was key Philip II (Philip Augustus) powerful Capetian Wanted to weaken power of English kings Failed against Henry II and Richard the Lion Hearted but seized Normandy from King John Stronger centralized government

6 Beginnings of Democracy
Phillips Heirs Louis IX ruled from 1226 to 1270 Louis was very pious and saintly Established appeal courts Philip IV ruled from 1285 to 1314 quarrel with pope regarding taxes for priests; included commoners in meetings Church leaders-1st Estate; Great Lords 2nd Estate; commoners/wealthy landowners/merchants 3rd Estate Estates General Beginnings of Democracy Common law, court systems, including commoners

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