Presentation on theme: "The Molecules of Life Day 1 - Carbohydrates. MOLECULES OF LIFE organic molecules –Are molecules containing carbon –Macromolecules (“large molecules) made."— Presentation transcript:
MOLECULES OF LIFE organic molecules –Are molecules containing carbon –Macromolecules (“large molecules) made of long chains of carbon compounds building blocks called monomers, I.e. “single units” monomers may be bonded together into polymers, i.e.“many units”
CARBOHYDRATES means “hydrated carbon”, i.e. carbon + water –general formula = CH 2 O –Made up of C,H and O –simple carbohydrates are monomers called monosaccharides, or sugars –6 carbon monosaccharides (C 6 H 12 O 6 ) called “hexoses” glucose, fructose, galactose –5 carbon monosaccharides (C 5 H 10 O 5 ) ribose deoxyribose
Remember Ribose and Deoxyribose Sugars from DNA?
Fructose May look 5-sided, but it has 6-Carbons, so it is a hexose sugar
Galactose It may look a lot like glucose, but there are differences.
Glucose vs. Galactose Inquiring minds want to know...
Making Disaccarides When two monomers come together and pair up, you have a disaccaride. Famous disaccarides include 1.glucose + glucose = maltose 2.glucose + fructose = sucrose 3.glucose + galactose = lactose
Here’s a brief animation of condensation synthesis also known as dehydration synthesis because WATER IS LOST!
COMPLEX CARBOHYDRATES ARE CALLED POLYSACCARIDES 1.Starch = Plant Polysaccharides -Plants stitch glucose together to form long chains of starch as stored energy -Starch tends to form single chains, but doesn’t branch nearly as much as glycogen 2.Glycogen = Animal Polysaccharides –polymer of glucose –branched chain –animals stored in muscles and liver