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“The Great African Cake”—everyone wants a bite!

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Presentation on theme: "“The Great African Cake”—everyone wants a bite!"— Presentation transcript:


2 “The Great African Cake”—everyone wants a bite!
Carving Up Africa “The Great African Cake”—everyone wants a bite!

3 Ignorance & Interest in Africa
Until the 1800s, little was known about Africa except its coastal areas; until David Livingstone began to explore the unknown areas in Africa, causing a huge interest in Africa & a mad race for colonies from Starting in 1885, 14 European nations partitioned (divided) Africa; By 1914—90% of Africa was controlled by Europeans (See overhead)

4 The Congress of Berlin By 1885, this scramble for African colonies became so fierce, that 12 major European countries, the USA, Russia, & Ottoman Empire met to “define the rules of the game” regarding imperialism in Africa This Congress of Berlin settled issues such as navigation & trade rights, future colonization of Africa—but it was not attended by any Africans



7 Exploration (1700) Imperialism (1914) What is different about the conquests of Africa during the Age of Exploration ( ) & the Age of Imperialism ( )?


9 Belgium After David Livingstone’s reports of the potential of central Africa, Belgium became the first country to colonize Africa, claiming the Congo (in 1879) Medicine & new steamboats allowed explorers to go further inland to explore

10 France Soon, France gained Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco (where 1 million French settled); dreamed of a huge French empire stretching East-West across Africa near the Sahara Desert

11 France In 1859, a French company built the Suez Canal to connect the
Red Sea & The Mediterranean Sea

12 England England had important colonies in India & Australia so the Suez Canal was very important In 1882, Britain gained control of the Suez Canal & made Egypt a protectorate, took control of Sudan, & parts of East Africa

13 England British entrepreneur Cecil Rhodes moved to South Africa & made his fortune in diamond mines (created the DeBeers Mining company) Rhodesia?

14 England Cecil Rhodes & many others in the British government wanted to create a huge African empire from Cairo (in Egypt) to Cape Town (in South Africa)

15 England India Egypt South Africa

16 England The race for African colonies led to a near war between France & England called the Fashoda Incident: England’s north-south “empire” overlapped France’s east-west “empire” near the town of Fashoda in the Sudan

17 This incident showed how serious imperialism was to Europeans
The Fashoda Incident

18 Other Countries Imperialize
These nations gained minor colonies: Spain & Portugal due to poor economies & bad kings Germany & Italy because they were the last nations in Europe to unify

19 ISN pg 164: Imperialism in Africa
Preview: Why did Europeans want colonies in Africa? What role did David Livingston play in imperializing Africa? What was the purpose of the Congress of Berlin?

20 So, Was Imperialism Good or Bad

21 Effects of Imperialism
Imperialists profited from colonial mines, plantations, & factories Africans were hired at low wages, were not taught professional skills, & were heavily taxed; tribes fought other tribes Schools & churches were set up to “reteach” Western ways; led to a decline in African traditions


23 As whites made new colonies in South Africa, they fought King Shaka & the Zulu tribe

24 Effects of Imperialism
Whites in South Africa used segregation called Apartheid (legal separation of blacks & whites); Apartheid kept Africans out of power for over 100 years Over time, educated Africans all over the continent demanded self-rule; by 2000 complete independence from European rule


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