Presentation on theme: "China’s Dynasties. I. A New Chinese Dynasty 1. Han dynasty ended – A.D. 200 a. followed by 400 years of conflict 2. Tang dynasty A.D. 618 a. reunited."— Presentation transcript:
I. A New Chinese Dynasty 1. Han dynasty ended – A.D. 200 a. followed by 400 years of conflict 2. Tang dynasty A.D. 618 a. reunited China and expanded trade 3. New school of Buddhism developed during Tang dynasty a. emphasized relationship between pupil and teacher
A. A New Female Emperor 1. Wu Hou a. first female ruler b. supported civil service c. lowered taxes for peasant farmers d. forced from throne 2. Tang dynasty ended and chaos begins
II. Later Dynasties 1. Song dynasty restored China a. artists painted beautiful landscapes b. porcelain – type of fine pottery c. invented movable type i. printing books faster ii. Led to reading and writing
2. Other inventions a. abacus i. counting device with several columns of beads b. compass, gunpowder, and ships
A. Yuan Dynasty 1. Yuan controlled the largest empire, by territory, in the world. 2. Kublai Khan, a Mongol ruled the dynasty a. soldier’s patrol Silk Road b. paper money was accepted c. Marco Polo visited China during this time.
B. Ming Dynasty 1. Replaces the Yuan 2. Rebuilds the Great Wall 3. Began the Imperial City – inside the capital a. Forbidden City – common people not allowed 4. Zheng He a. Chinese admiral and explorer b. trade and foreign markets 5. Next emperor abandoned the navy and trade a. China closed to the outside world
III. China and the West 1. Qing dynasty a. expands empire to Tibet, Mongolia, and Taiwan b. rulers believed that non-Chinese were inferior
Decline of the Qing 1. By the middle of the 1800s, the Qing lost control of China. 2. China lost a war with Britain, and then was forced to open its ports to foreign trade. a. The world had come to China.