2 Latitude and Longitude Every single location on Earth is described by 2 numbers: Latitude and Longitude.Latitude and longitude are a type of coordinate system
3 LatitudeDefinition: Latitude measures the distance in degrees NORTH and SOUTH of the EQUATOR.Latitude lines are horizontal. They look like this:Because they run parallel to the EQUATOR, they are also called parallels. ALL parallels are 360º circles!
5 The EquatorThe Equator is the imaginary circle found at 0º Latitude- it “splits” the Earth exactly in half, leaving a Northern half and a southern half.
6 Latitude ValuesEach line of latitude north of that gets higher until you get to 90° N. That is the North Pole.Each line of latitude south of the equator gets higher until you get to 90° S. That’s the South Pole.
7 Special Latitude Lines 1. Tropic of Cancer - found at 23 ½º North ofthe Equator.2. Tropic of Capricorn – found at 23 ½ º Southof the Equator.3. Artic Circle – 66 ½ ° North Latitude4. Antarctic Circle – 66 ½ ° South LatitudeAnts on the ground, get it antactic its in the south
16 The Prime MeridianThe Prime Meridian is a HALF circle that runs from the North pole to the South pole.It is also 0° however it is 0° longitude. It does NOT run all the way around the Earth. The line on the other side is 180°.
17 The Prime MeridianThe Prime Meridian divides the Earth into a west half (western hemisphere) and an east half (eastern hemisphere).The 180° line is known as the international date line.