4 Types of Crime Crime -any act that breaks the law Criminal - a person who commits any type of crime.
5 Types of Crime FBI has identified 29 different types of crimes. Serious crimes are called felonies (Murder, kidnapping)Less serious offences are called misdemeanors (traffic violations, disturbing the peace)
6 Looking at our school rules, which would our categorize as felonies, which are misdemeanors?
7 Types of Crime Five Main Categories of Crime Crimes Against Persons Crimes Against PropertyVictimless CrimesWhite Collar CrimesOrganized Crimes
8 Crimes Against Persons Include force or threat of forceAny act that harm a person, end a person’s life, or threaten to end a lifeMost serious is:Homicide – murderMost common is:Aggravated assault- any type of physical injury that is done intentionally to another personOther ExamplesHate Crimes - violent crimes committed against people because of prejudiceRape- sexual violation of a person by force and against that person will
9 Crimes Against Property Most common type of crime in the U.S.Stealing or destroying someone else's propertyBurglary- forcible or illegal entry into someone’s home with intention to steal.Larceny – theft of property without use of force or violence against another person.Robbery involves both property and people. Taking something by threatening to hurt a personVandalism- willful destruction of property.Arson- destruction of property by setting fire to it.
10 Victimless Crimes Criminal does not violate another persons rights Examples:Illegal drug use, gambling, prostitution
11 If victimless crimes do not violate another person rights Why are they crimes?
12 White Collar Crimes Nonviolent crimes Embezzlement –theft of money that has been entrusted to an individuals care.Fraud- cheating someone out of money or propertyOther Examples:Hacking, Identity Theft, Copyright Violations
13 Organized CrimesGroups that specialize in providing illegal goods or services.Operate in gambling, drug trafficking, prostitution, lending money at extremely high interest rates.Often run illegal businesses to serve as fronts, or covers for operations.