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Lesson 2.10 Solving Linear Inequalities in Two Variables Concept: Represent and Solve Systems of Inequalities Graphically EQ: How do I represent the solutions of an inequality in two variables? (Standard REI.12) Vocabulary: Solutions region, Boundary lines (dashed or solid), Inclusive, Non-inclusive, Half plane, Test Point 2.3.1: Solving Linear Inequalities in Two Variables 1

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Introduction Solving a linear inequality in two variables is similar to graphing a linear equation, with a few extra steps that will be explained on the following slides. *Remember that inequalities have infinitely many solutions and all the solutions get represented through the use of shading. http://youtu.be/Eiwi3FvQumU 2 2.3.1: Solving Linear Inequalities in Two Variables

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Key Concepts A linear inequality in two variables has a half plane as the set of solutions. A half plane is a region containing all points that has one boundary, which is a straight line that continues in both directions infinitely. 3 2.3.1: Solving Linear Inequalities in Two Variables

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Inequality Brothers 4 2.3.1: Solving Linear Inequalities in Two Variables >< ≥ ≤ Non-Inclusive aka: Open Inclusive aka: Closed

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5 Steps to Graphing a Linear Inequality in Two Variables 1.Graph the inequality as a linear equation. * If the inequality is inclusive (≤ and ≥), use a solid line. * If the inequality is non-inclusive ( ), use a dashed line. 2. Shade the half plane above the y-intercept for (> and ≥). Shade the half plane below the y-intercept for (< and ≤). 3. Check your answer by picking a test point and substituting it into the inequality: A test point in the shaded half plane should give you a true statement. A test point in the non-shaded half plane should give you a false statement. 2.3.1: Solving Linear Inequalities in Two Variables

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Guided Practice: Example 1, continued 1.Graph the inequality as a linear equation. Since the inequality is non-inclusive, use a dashed line. y = x + 3 To graph the line, plot the y-intercept first, (0, 3). Then use the slope to find a second point. The slope is 1. Count up one unit and to the right one unit and plot a second point. Connect the two points and extend the line to the edges of the coordinate plane. 7 2.3.1: Solving Linear Inequalities in Two Variables

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Guided Practice: Example 1, continued 2. Shade the appropriate area. Since the symbol > is used we will shade above the y-intercept. 2.3.1: Solving Linear Inequalities in Two Variables 9

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Guided Practice: Example 1, continued 3. Pick a test point above or below the line and substitute the point into the inequality. Choose (0, 0) because this point is easy to substitute into the inequality. y > x + 3 (0) > (0) + 3 0 > 3 This is false! Since the test point makes the inequality false, all points on that side of the line make the inequality false. Therefore we were correct to shade above the line. 10 2.3.1: Solving Linear Inequalities in Two Variables

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Guided Practice: Example 2, continued 14 2.3.1: Solving Linear Inequalities in Two Variables

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Guided Practice: Example 3, continued 19 2.3.1: Solving Linear Inequalities in Two Variables

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