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Early Middle Ages 500 to 1000 A.D.
Why did Europe decline between 400-700 AD?natural disasters constant invasions the Black Death
Which Germanic tribe created the strongest kingdom?Franks Goths Vandals
The Franks converted to Christianity and stopped the Muslims from advancing further into Europe at the Battle of Hastings Tours the Bulge
Who is being described? He was a Frankish king who built an empire.Pope Leo crowned him Holy Roman Emperor He spread Christianity and Roman Culture throughout his empire Charlemagne Clovis Caesar
Charlemagne’s empire included which modern-day countries?Greece and Macedonia Ireland, Great Britain and Denmark France, Germany, and part of Italy
Charlemagne’s military conquests and alliance with the church helped to blend which three traditions in Western Europe? Scandinavian and Byzantine Roman, Christian, and German Hungarian and Mongol
Which invaders were expert sailors and ferocious fighters who came from Scandinavia and settled in Russia? Vikings Angles and Saxons Magyars
Which nomadic invaders came from Central Asia and settled in present-day Hungary?Vikings Angles and Saxons Magyars
Which invaders settled in Great Britain (England) ?Angles and Saxons Mongols Franks
All of the following were effects of these invasions EXCEPTtowns emptied and declined the feudal system was strengthened trade increased
People who were bound to the land and provided labor for the manor were calledmerchants nobles serfs
Why did people give up their freedom to become serfs for landholding lords?high wages excellent working conditions protection
What provided protection from invaders?manors with castles Roman army heavily armed serfs
Who held the real power in feudal society?king lords (nobles) serfs King Lords Vassals:Knights Serfs (peasants)
In exchange for loyalty and military service, a landowning lord would give a knight a parcel of land to rule called a province fief territory
The knight who received the land was known as avassal peasant serf
The lord’s estate was called amanor castle plantation
As the Roman Empire declined, what became the unifying force in Western Europe?Vandals Islamic religion Roman Catholic Church
Who spread Christianity and brought the Latin alphabet to the Germanic tribes?artisans scribes missionaries
Where were Greco-Roman cultural achievements copied, illustrated and preserved?manor monasteries libraries
Who met the daily religious and social needs of the people?local lords the Pope parish priests
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