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Early Middle Ages 500 to 1000 A.D..

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Presentation on theme: "Early Middle Ages 500 to 1000 A.D.."— Presentation transcript:

1 Early Middle Ages 500 to 1000 A.D.

2 Why did Europe decline between 400-700 AD?
natural disasters constant invasions the Black Death

3 Which Germanic tribe created the strongest kingdom?
Franks Goths Vandals

4 The Franks converted to Christianity and stopped the Muslims from advancing further into Europe at the Battle of Hastings Tours the Bulge

5 Who is being described? He was a Frankish king who built an empire.
Pope Leo crowned him Holy Roman Emperor He spread Christianity and Roman Culture throughout his empire Charlemagne Clovis Caesar

6 Charlemagne’s empire included which modern-day countries?
Greece and Macedonia Ireland, Great Britain and Denmark France, Germany, and part of Italy

7 Charlemagne’s military conquests and alliance with the church helped to blend which three traditions in Western Europe? Scandinavian and Byzantine Roman, Christian, and German Hungarian and Mongol

8 Which invaders were expert sailors and ferocious fighters who came from Scandinavia and settled in Russia? Vikings Angles and Saxons Magyars

9 Which nomadic invaders came from Central Asia and settled in present-day Hungary?
Vikings Angles and Saxons Magyars

10 Which invaders settled in Great Britain (England) ?
Angles and Saxons Mongols Franks

11 All of the following were effects of these invasions EXCEPT
towns emptied and declined the feudal system was strengthened trade increased

12 People who were bound to the land and provided labor for the manor were called
merchants nobles serfs

13 Why did people give up their freedom to become serfs for landholding lords?
high wages excellent working conditions protection

14 What provided protection from invaders?
manors with castles Roman army heavily armed serfs

15 Who held the real power in feudal society?
king lords (nobles) serfs King Lords Vassals:Knights Serfs (peasants)

16 In exchange for loyalty and military service, a landowning lord would give a knight a parcel of land to rule called a province fief territory

17 The knight who received the land was known as a
vassal peasant serf

18 The lord’s estate was called a
manor castle plantation

19 As the Roman Empire declined, what became the unifying force in Western Europe?
Vandals Islamic religion Roman Catholic Church

20 Who spread Christianity and brought the Latin alphabet to the Germanic tribes?
artisans scribes missionaries

21 Where were Greco-Roman cultural achievements copied, illustrated and preserved?
manor monasteries libraries

22 Who met the daily religious and social needs of the people?
local lords the Pope parish priests

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