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Building an Empire.

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Presentation on theme: "Building an Empire."— Presentation transcript:

1 Building an Empire


3 Imperialism Imperialism- Stronger nations attempt to create empires by dominating weaker nations – economically, politically or militarily. (Expansionism)

4 Justification of Imperialism
Social Darwinism – the nation’s with the best technology will survive ‘White Man’s Burden’- wealthy “advanced” nations have a duty to civilize and Christianize “backward” people Achieve Military and Political “Glory”

5 Citizens are encouraging expansion
Reasons For Imperialism Raw materials New markets Investments Navy bases Citizens are encouraging expansion


7 Hawaii By the 1890’s populated with U.S. planters and missionaries. At the request of U.S. citizens, U.S. Marines overthrow Queen Lili (Liliuokalani). She fails to restore Hawaiian control.

8 Alaska Secretary of State William Seward bought Alaska for $7 million from Russia Seward’s Folly Seward’s icebox

9 Causes of Spanish American War
1898 Yellow journalism- Hearst and Pulitzer encourage the war with news stories In 1895 Cubans revolt against harsh conditions especially on sugar plantations. Spanish move Cubans into prison camps. DeLome letter – insults Pres. McKinley (weak)

10 Havana Harbor 260 U.S. sailors killed
` Spanish American War The Maine explodes Havana Harbor 260 U.S. sailors killed “Remember the Maine and kill Spain” T.R. & the Rough Riders in Cuba John Hay,Sec of State - “The Splendid little War” Manila Bay in the Philippines taken by Adm. Dewey



13 Results of Spanish American War
Teller Amendment – U.S. will not control Cuba Cuba becomes a ‘protectorate’ A new constitution is written includes: Platt amendment – US has the right to send/return troops (military intervention) Cuba can not make agreements with foreign countries endangering its independence US gets Guantanamo Bay

14 Philippines Emilio Aquinaldo – leader of the Philippines independence movement Insurrection: Aquinaldo had been supported by the U.S. against Spain now rebels against the USA. 3 years to end the insurrection Philippines under U.S. control until 1946

15 U.S. as a World Power China 1899 Sec of State John Hay asks for an “Open Door Policy” access for all countries to trade in China 1900 U.S. sends troops to put down Boxer Rebellion Asia 1905 TR mediates treaty to end the Russian Japanese War – TR wins a Nobel Peace Prize Great White Fleet – TR sends 16 battleships around the world as a sign of power and force

16 Roosevelt Corollary An addition to the Monroe Doctrine TR tells Europe to stay out of the Western Hemisphere – U.S. will be the police force & will aid Latin American countries if trouble “Walk softly and carry a Big Stick” Seen as a bully by Latin America



19 Panama Canal 1901 U.S. takes over French program to build the canal
Walter Reed: yellow fever from mosquitoes 1914 the canal is completed Costs $400 million plus $25 million for and $250,000 per year to rent 1999 Panama Canal returned to Panama- treaty made by Pres. Carter

20 Dollar Diplomacy President Taft uses diplomatic efforts to encourage and protect American investments in foreign countries

21 Wilson continues Imperialism
Sends troops to Haiti in 1915 – an American Protectorate Purchases the Virgin Islands in 1917 from Denmark

22 Key People for Expansion
Teddy Roosevelt – Assistant secretary of the Navy – orders Dewey to attack the Philippines Fought in the Spanish American War Teddy Roosevelt and the Rough Riders Henry Cabot Lodge & Alfred Beveridge Pro imperialist senators Alfred Mahan Author who promotes the idea that a strong navy is key to being a powerful nation



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