2 Farmers’ Problems Crop prices fell Farmers had no cash, went further into debt, and their lenders foreclosed on their mortgagesThe railroad companies charged outrageous prices to ship crops (no regulation!)
3 Farmers’ DemandsRegulate the railroad companies (Stop them from charging such high rates)Make cash more available (back the dollar with silver, not gold, so dollar would be worth less)Constitutional demands: single term for President and Vice-President, secret ballot, popular election of SenatorsTo get industrial workers to support them: 8-hour workday, restrict immigration
4 Different Groups Representing Farmers’ Interests 1867: The Patrons of Husbandry (The Grange)1880s: Farmers’ Alliance and Colored Farmers’ National Alliance1892: Birth of the Populist, or People’s Party
5 1892 Presidential Election: Populist candidate won over a million votes!
6 1896 Election Democrats – 1890s Republicans – 1890s Southerners Wealthy farmersSupported low tariffs (wanted other countries to buy their crops)NorthernersWealthy business men (connected to the railroad)Southern African Americans (poor farmers)Supported high tariffs (didn’t want to compete with other countries’ products)
7 1896 ElectionPopulists decide to improve their chances by supporting the Democratic candidate, William Jennings Bryan, who agreed to support the silver-backed dollar.
8 1896 Presidential Election: Bryan loses but carries most of the South and West
9 Central Historical Question Why did the Populist Party attract millions of supporters?
11 Pullman Palace Car Company Railway car company owned by George PullmanOver 6,000 workersWorkers lived in “company town”Rent was 25% higher than other areasInterior of a Pullman Sleeper Car
12 Reasons for the Strike Historical Context: Depression of 1893 Pullman cut workers’ wages but didn’t cut rent for apartmentsOn May 10, 1894, workers walked out of their factory
13 ARU Supports Pullman Workers American Railway Union was a national union of railway workersEugene Debs, ARU leader, decided to support Pullman strikersAcross the nation, railway workers refused to run trains that had Pullman cars attached to themThe country was paralyzed
14 Eugene DebsEugene V. Debs, the rail union president at the time of the strike, later campaigned as the American Socialist presidential candidate