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Chapter 16 Study Notes: Groundwater.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 16 Study Notes: Groundwater."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 16 Study Notes: Groundwater

2 Chapter 16 Section 1 Study Notes:
Water Beneath the Surface

3 1. ____________ is the water beneath Earth’s surface.
Groundwater 1. ____________ is the water beneath Earth’s surface.

4 aquifer 2. An ______ is a body of rock that stores groundwater and allows it to flow.

5 3. The percentage of the total ________ of rock that consists of open spaces is called ________.
volume porosity

6 4. The amount of uniformity in the size of rock or sediment _______ is called ______.
particles sorting

7 5. __________ is the ability of rock to let fluids pass through its pores.

8 6. Open spaces in rock must be connected in order for the rock to be __________.

9 7. The layer of an aquifer in which the pore space is completely filled with water is called the zone of _________. saturation

10 8. The upper surface of underground water is called the _____ _____.

11 9. The aquifer zone that lies between the water table and Earth’s surface is called the zone of ________. aeration

12 10. ________ is the steepness of a slope.
Gradient 10. ________ is the steepness of a slope.

13 11. A second water table that sits above the first water table is called a _______ water table.

14 12. The area where water from the surface can move through permeable rock to reach an aquifer is called a ________ zone. recharge

15 13. A natural flow of groundwater to Earth’s surface is called a ______.

16 14. Pumping water from a well lowers the water table around the well and causes a _____ of __________. cone depression

17 artesian formation 15. An _______ ________ is a sloping layer of permeable rock sandwiched between two layers of impermeable rock.

18 16. Wells, springs, and artesian formations bring _____ to Earth’s surface.

19 Geysers hot springs 17. _______ and ___ ______ are land features formed by hot groundwater.

20 18. A ______ is a hot spring that erupts through vents.

21 Chapter 16 Section 2 Study Notes:
Groundwater and Chemical Weathering

22 1. Water rich in dissolved minerals is called _____ water.

23 2. Water with low concentrations of dissolved minerals is called ____ water.

24 3. Carbonic acid breaks down minerals in rock in a process called ________ __________.
chemical weathering

25 4. Rock becomes chemically weathered when ________ acid, formed when water passes through soil and ________ minerals in the rock. carbonic dissolves

26 5. Rock that is rich in the mineral ______ is especially vulnerable to chemical weathering?

27 cavern 6. A ______ is a natural cavity in rock that forms as a result of the _________ of minerals. dissolving

28 7. A cone-shaped deposit of calcite on the ceiling of a cave is called a ________.

29 8. Calcite formations standing on the floor of a cavern are called _________.

30 9. A circular depression that forms on the surface when rock ________ is called a ________.
dissolves sink hole

31 10. _____ __________ is irregular landforms created by the ________ weathering of rock by groundwater. Karst topography chemical

32 11. A region that clearly shows the results of chemical weathering is called _____ __________.
Karst topography

33 12. Common features of karst topography include closely spaced _________ and _______.
sink holes caverns

34 The End!!!

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