Presentation on theme: "Good Morning! Starter: What does an atom look like? Today we will… Check the starter questions What do you know about the Atom? Goal: –determine what."— Presentation transcript:
Good Morning! Starter: What does an atom look like? Today we will… Check the starter questions What do you know about the Atom? Goal: –determine what you do and do not know about atoms –think about why you believe what you believe –Gain some understanding on how we came to our current thinking on the atom.
What is an atom? Why do you believe that they exist and everything is made out of them?
Tear off a piece of paper and rip it in half. Now tear it in half again Now again Will there come a time where you can’t rip it in half? Let’s say you had a shrink ray and could make yourself smaller so the size of your hands was not an issue. Could you then? Numbers can be “cut” in half forever, why not paper?
We are not the first to struggle with this concept In ancient Greece (400 B.C) a man named Democritus came up with the idea that you will eventually come to a point where you can no longer cut an object in half He said you would come to an “uncuttable” object.
A choice I am about to hand out a worksheet You can either work on it by yourself and receive 15/15 if you complete it. Or you can watch a video and powerpoint and get 12/15 if you complete it. The choice is yours Brain Pop
Good Afternoon Today we will continue our work on the history of the atomic Model Starter: Why would the discovery of the electron force us to change our understanding of the atom? Goal: Understand the Bohr Model of the atom and how we arrived at the Modern Model.
Atomic Theory and Models Dalton thought that atoms were like smooth, hard spheres that could not be broken into smaller pieces. All atoms of an element were identical An atom of one element can not be changed into an atom of a different element.
Atomic Theory and Models Thomson suggested that atoms had negatively charged electrons embedded in a positive sphere.
Rutherford found that most particles went through proving that atoms (and everything made of them) are mostly empty space.
Rutherford was surprised that a few particles were deflected strongly. This led him to propose an atomic model with a positively charged nucleus.
Close up of What Happened inside the gold foil.
Atomic Theory and Models Rutherford’s model looked like what you see here with a positively charged nucleus.
Bohr figured out that there are levels and developed the Bohr Model
We coupled this with knowledge that you can’t predict where the electrons will be.
Chadwick’s discovery of the Neutron lead to a reengineering of the nucleus.