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Legal and Ethical Responsibilities

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Presentation on theme: "Legal and Ethical Responsibilities"— Presentation transcript:

1 Legal and Ethical Responsibilities
Chapter 5 Legal and Ethical Responsibilities

2 5:1 Legal Responsibilities
Introduction Criminal law Civil law Tort Malpractice Negligence (continues)

3 Legal Responsibilities (continued)
Assault and battery Invasion of privacy False imprisonment Abuse Defamation (continues)

4 Legal Responsibilities (continued)
Contract; an agreement between two or more parties Components of contract Offer Acceptance Consideration Implied or expressed (continues)

5 Legal Responsibilities (continued)
Legal disability Breach of contract Non-English speaking party Agent (continues)

6 Legal Responsibilities (continued)
Privileged communications; confidential information from a patient Health care records Privacy Act: HIPAA Authorization to release health information

7 Summary States have set rules and regulations
Most health care agencies have specific rules, regulations, and standards Standards vary from state to state and agency to agency Health care worker must know all legalities of what is expected of them

8 5:2 Ethics Set principles dealing with what is morally right or wrong
Provide a standard of conduct or code of behavior Help health care worker analyze information and make decisions

9 Ethical Dilemmas Frequently created by modern medicine Euthanasia
Confidentiality of AIDS diagnosis Aborted fetuses and research Continuing life support Expensive treatments and payment (continues)

10 Ethical Dilemmas (continued)
Transplant decisions Legal issues and marijuana Animals and research Genetic research Cloning Stem cell research

11 Basic Rules of Ethics Save lives and promote health Patient comfort
Respect the patient’s right to die peacefully and with dignity Treat all patients equally Provide the best care possible (continues)

12 Basic Rules of Ethics (continued)
Maintain competent skills and knowledge Respect rules of confidentiality Refrain from immoral, unethical, and illegal practices Show loyalty to patients, co-workers, and employers Be sincere, honest, and caring

13 Summary Study the code of ethics for the occupation you enter
Abide by the code Become a competent and ethical health care worker Earns you the respect and confidence of patients, co-workers, and employers

14 5:3 Patients’ Rights Agencies must have written policies for patients’ rights All personnel must respect and honor these rights American Hospital Association has affirmed a Patient’s Bill of Rights Long-term care facilities post Resident’s Bill of Rights

15 5:4 Advance Directives for Health Care
Also known as legal directives Purpose Legal document Two main directives Living wills Durable Power of Attorney (POA) (continues)

16 Advance Directives for Health Care (continued)
Patient Self-Determination Act (PSDA) Health care workers must be aware of the act and honor it Health care workers should give serious consideration to preparing their own advance directives

17 Summary By observing patient rights, health care workers assure patient’s safety, privacy, and well-being, and provide quality care Advance directives must be recognized and respected by health care workers

18 5:5 Professional Standards
Perform only those procedures for which you have been trained and are legally permitted to do Use approved, correct methods while performing any procedure Obtain correct authorization before performing any procedure (continues)

19 Professional Standards (continued)
Identify the patient Obtain patient’s consent Observe safety precautions Keep all information confidential Think before you speak and watch everything you say Treat all patients equally (continues)

20 Professional Standards (continued)
Accept no tips or bribes for care you provide If an error or a mistake occurs, report it immediately to your supervisor Behave professionally in dress, language, manners, and actions Always carry liability insurance

21 Summary Know the legal and ethical implications for your particular health care career Ask questions Request written policies Contact your state board of health or education to obtain all the current regulations and guidelines (continues)

22 Summary (continued) Follow basic standards listed
Protect yourself, your employer, and your patient for whom you provide all the necessary health care

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